Windows 3.1 Survival Guide

Windows 3.1 Survival Guide

By the End of This Post, You’ll Be Able To:
    Use the old version of Windows, if you haven’t yet switched to Windows 95
    Get help in Microsoft Windows
    Run Windows’ animated tutorial
    Use the applications that come with Windows, including a couple of neat gamesTo place an order for the Complete Project Material, pay N5,000 to
GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183
Then text the name of the Project topic, email address and your names to 08060565721.  

Windows has given DOS a new meaning: Disabled Operating System. With Windows inning, you won’t even know DOS is there. In place of the DOS prompt, you get menus, pictures, and, best of all, a pointer that lets you poke at all the other things. In other words, you get something called a graphical user interface (GUI), which is designed to make your computer easier to use.
Gooey Stuff
Some people, not me of course, Joke that GUI (pronounced “GOO-ey”) actually stands for “graphical unfriendly interface,” As with most jokes, this one has some truth; before Windows can make your computer easier to use, you have to know how to get around in Windows.
Bye-Bye DOS! Starting Windows
Before you can take advantage of Windows’ bells and whistles, you have to do something mundane like start it from the DOS prompt (unless your computer is set up to run Windows automatically). Here’s what you do:
1.    Change to the drive that contains your Windows files. For example, type c: at the DOS prompt and press Enter.
2.    Change to the directory that contains your Windows files. For example, if the name of the directory is WINDOWS, type
cd windows
at the prompt, and then press Enter.
3.    Type win and press Enter. DOS starts Windows. The Windows title screen appears for a few moments, and then you see the Windows Program Manager, as shown in the following figure.
Start Windows Automatically
You can set up your computer to start Windows whenever you turn on the computer.

Windows Anatomy 101
So, now that you know the names of all those doohickeys on the screen, you’re probably wondering what each one does. Here’s a quick rundown (don’t be afraid to poke around on your own):
    The mouse pointer, which looks like an arrow, should appear somewhere on the screen (assuming you are using a mouse). If you don’t see it right away, roll the mouse around on your desk to bring the pointer into view.
    The title bar shows the name of the window or application (as if I needed to tell you that).
    A program group window contains a group of related program-item icons. What are program-item icons? Read on.
    Program-item icons are small pictures that represent applications that are not running. Double-click on one of the icons now. A window should open. Double¬click on the box in the upper left corner of the window to close it.
    The Minimize button shrinks a window down to a mere icon. To restore the window to its original condition, click the program’s icon and then click Restore. Go ahead, click any Minimize button now.
    The Maximize button makes a window take up the whole screen. If you see a Maximize button on-screen now, click it. The button then changes to a double-headed Restore button, which allows you to return the window to its previous size.
    The Control-menu box displays a menu that allows you to close the window or change its size and location. Click any Control-menu box now to see a list of commands. Click the button again to close the menu. (You can double-click the Control-menu box to close a window.)
    The menu bar contains a list of the available pull-down menus. Each menu contains a list of related commands. In the menu bar, click Window to open the Window menu. Click it again to close the menu. You’ll come across pull-down menu bars in all Windows applications.
    Scroll bars appear on a window if the window contains more information than it can display. Use the scroll bars to view the contents of the window that are not currently shown.
    An application icon is a small picture that represents an application that is cur¬rently running but that has been minimized. The application is still running, but it is running in the background. You can restore the application to window status by double-clicking its application icon.

Take Windows Lessons from Windows 3.1
Windows 95 comes with its own Help system that can teach you the basics of moving around in Windows, running applications, entering commands, managing disks and files, and so on. Simply click the Start button and select Help. Then click the Contents tab. A list of help topics appears; click the desired topic. To move around in the Help system, use the following controls:
    Click on a green, underlined term or topic to display more information.
    Click the Back button (just below the menu bar) to display the previous screenful of information.
    Click on a green term with a dotted underline to display a box that explains the term in greater detail. Click outside the box to close it.
    Click the Search button (below the menu bar) to search for information about a specific term or topic.
Most computer tutorials keep it a secret that Windows 3.1 comes with its own animated tutorial. Why would you need a tutorial if you can learn from the program itself? My point exactly. Here’s how you run the tutorial:
1.    Click Help on the Program Manager menu bar. The Help menu opens. (If the Windows Tutorial option is not there, either you don’t have Windows 3.1, or whoever installed Windows did not install the Help files.)
2.    Click Windows Tutorial. The tutorial starts.
3.    Read and follow the on-screen instructions. The tutorial takes about ten to fifteen minutes. (To exit the tutorial at any time, press the Esc key.)
Climbing Out of Windows
The first thing you should know about any program, including Windows, is how to get out of the program. To exit Windows, do any one of the following:
    Click the Control-menu box in the upper left corner of the Program Manager window, and then click Close. Press Enter.
    Double-click the Control-menu box. Press Enter.
    Press Alt+F4 and then press Enter.

Save Your Work
If you try to exit Windows without saving your work, Windows will display a message asking if you want to save your work before leaving. To save your work, click Yes. If asked to name your file, type a flame, eight characters or fewer, and don’t use any spaces or funky character such as * / or:, Stick with letters and numbers for now.

Using the Windows Applications
In addition to making your computer easier to use, Windows comes with several useful applications, as shown here. To run an application, double-click its icon.

Play Solitaire
The Solitaire game that comes with Windows is good practice
for learning how to use the mouse. That’s what I tell my boss, anyway.
You are not limited to the applications that come with Windows. Many software companies (more than you car. count on your fingers and toes) create applications that r_ under Windows and have the same look and feel as all Windows applications.

Launching Applications from Windows
Whenever you install a Windows application (see Chapter 9), you get one or more new program-item icons (usually inside a new program group window). To run the application, you double-click its icon. If you can’t see the program-item icon, it’s probably in a shrunken program group window. Double-click the group icon to display the window, and then double-click the program-item icon.
If the thought of running several applications at the same time excites you, then minimize the application’s window and double-click another program-item icon. For you channel surfers, here’s a quick list of ways to switch from one running application to another:
    If part of the application’s window is visible, click on any exposed part. The selected window moves to the front of the pile and becomes the active window.
    Press Ctrl+Esc, and then double-click the desired application in the Task List.
    Click the Control-menu box in the upper left corner of any application window, select Switch To, and then double-click the desired application.
    Hold down the Alt key while pressing the Tab key one or more times until the name of the desired application appears. Then release the Alt key.

Entering Commands and Options
In the old days, you entered commands by typing them or by pressing function keys. You pretty much had to know what you were doing to get anything done. Now, things are easier. Windows has ushered in the era of pull-down menus and buttons. You simply point-and-click to enter commands.

Picking Commands from Pull-Down Menus
All Windows applications offer some sort of menu system, the most popular of which is the pull-down menu. These menus hide inside a menu bar located just below the application’s title bar. To open a menu, you click its name. To enter a command or select an option from the menu, you click it. What happens next depends on the appearance of the command:
    Dimmed commands are inaccessible. For example, if you try to select the Paste command before you copied anything, the Paste command appears dim.
    A command followed by an arrow opens a submenu that contains additional commands.
    A command followed by an ellipsis (…) opens a dialog box that requests additional information. Skip ahead to the next section to figure out what to do.
    A command preceded by a check mark is an option that you can turn on or off. The check mark indicates that the option is on. Selecting the option removes the check mark and turns it off.

Bypass the Menus
Notice that some menu commands ate followed by a keyboard shortcut For example, the Save command may be followed by Ctrl+S. You can use these keyboard shortcuts to bypass the menus. Simply hold down the first key while pressing the second key. In this example, hold down Ctrl while pressing S,

Providing More Information with Dialog Boxes
If you pick a command that’s followed by an ellipsis (…), Windows displays a dialog box, asking for more information. It’s sort of a fill-in-the-blanks form. You must enter the requested information, or select the desired options and settings, and then click the OK button to confirm.
Tabs (not shown in picture) allow you to flip through the “pages” of options. Click a tab to view a set of related options.
List boxes (not shown in picture) provide available choices. To select an item in the list, click it.
Drop-down lists are similar to list boxes, but only one item in the list is shown. To see the rest of the items, click the down arrow to the right of the list box.
Text boxes allow you to type an entry. To activate a text box, click inside it. To edit text that’s already in the box, use the arrow keys to move the insertion point, and then use the Del or Backspace keys to delete existing characters. Then type your entry.
Check boxes allow you to select one or more items in a group of options. For example, if you are styling text, you may select Bold and Italic to have the text appears in both bold and italic type. To select an item, click on it.
Option buttons are like check boxes, but you can select only one option button in a group. Clicking one button deselects any option that is already selected.
Command buttons allow you to enter or cancel your selections. Once you have responded to the dialog box by entering your choices, you click a command button to finalize the entry. Most dialog boxes have at least three command buttons: one to give your final okay, another to cancel your selections, and one to get help. I

Seeing More with Scroll Bars
If you open a window, and it contains more information than it can display on a single screen, you’ll see scroll bars at the right and/or bottom of the screen. You can use the scroll bar to bring the hidden contents of the window into view, as follows:
Scroll box   Move the mouse pointer over the scroll box, hold down the mouse button, and then drag the box to the area of the window you want to view. For example, to move to the middle of the window’s contents, drag the scroll box to the middle of the bar.
Scroll bar Click once inside the scroll bar, on either side of the scroll box, to move the view one screenful at a time. For example, if you click once below the scroll box, you will see the next windowful of information.
Scroll arrows   Click once on an arrow to scroll incrementally (typically one line at a time) in the direction of the arrow. Hold down the mouse button to scroll continuously in that direction.

Juggling Windows on Your Screen
As you run programs, open documents, and play games, your screen starts to look like some sort of manic collage. You need some way to take control of all the windows, resize them, and arrange them on the Windows desktop. The following sections tell you just what to do.

Moving a Window to the Top
Before you can work (or play) inside a window, it has to be on top and active. If you can see any part of a window, the easiest way to move the window to the top is to click on the exposed portion of the window. The window automatically jumps to the front and covers anything else on-screen.

Finding Lost Windows
If you cannot see the desired window, click on Window on the menu bar, and then select the name of the window you want to go to. The selected window is then moved to the front and is activated. If that doesn’t work, press Ctrl+Esc and then choose the window from the Task List.

Arranging Windows On-Screen
When you’re holding a handful of cards and you want to see what you have, you fan the cards. In Windows, you can view a portion of each window on-screen by using a similar technique. You can tell Windows to display the windows side-by-side (tiled) or overlapping (cascade). Here’s how: Click Window on the menu bar and click Cascade or Tile. Although cascaded windows overlap, you can still see the title bar of each window, so you can quickly switch to a window by clicking on its title bar.

Resizing and Moving Windows
As you rearrange windows on-screen, you may want to shrink windows that are less important or that contain fewer icons; or you may want to enlarge more important windows. You may also want to move the windows to different locations. The picture here shows you what to do.

What About My Keyboard?
Your keyboard isn’t obsolete just yet. Although Windows works best with a mouse, you can still use your keyboard to manipulate windows. The keyboard shortcuts listed in the following table explain how.

Windows Keyboard Shortcuts
Press                To
Alt+Esc            Cycle through the application windows and icons.
Ctrl+F6 (or Ctrl+Tab)    Cycle through program group icons and windows.
Alt+Spacebar        Open the Control menu for an application window or
Alt+- (hyphen)        Open the Control menu for a program group window or
icon, or for a document window or icon.
Arrow keys            Move from one icon to another in the active program
group window.
Alt (or F10)             Activate the pull-down menu bar.
Alt+selection letter        Open a pull-down menu from the menu bar or select an
option in a dialog box.

Windows Keyboard Shortcuts   Continued
Press            To
Enter            Run the application whose icon is highlighted, or restore a
window that has been reduced to an icon.
Esc             Close a menu or dialog box.
Ctrl+Esc        View the task list, which allows you to switch to a different
Fl            Get help.
Ctrl+F4        Minimize the selected program group window.
Alt+F4        Exit the active application or exit Windows.

The Least You Need To Know
Microsoft Windows comes with a book that’s over 600 pages long, so there’s a lot more that you can know about Windows. However, the following details will help you survive your first day on the job:
    To start Windows, change to the Windows directory (usually C:WINDOWS), type win, and press Enter.
    To quit Windows, double-click the Program Manager’s Control-menu box.
    X To run an application in Windows, change to the program group window that contains the program item icon for the application you want to use, and then double-click the application’s icon.
    To open a pull-down menu, click the name of the menu in the menu bar.
    To select a command from a menu, click the command.
    The buttons in the upper right corner of a window allow you to maximize, minimize, or restore the window to its previous size.
    You can bring a window to the top of the stack by clicking on any portion of the window.
    You can resize a window by dragging one of the window’s borders.

To place an order for the Complete Project Material, pay N5,000 to
GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183
Then text the name of the Project topic, email address and your names to 08060565721.  

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