Sport Facilities And Equipment Management In School Sport

BY ANYOR A. ALEXANDER (NCE, B.Sc)

Email Address: anyoralexander@gmail.com

Facebook/anyor.sandyhot

08175160589

SPORT FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOL SPORT: A TASK FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATORS AND SPORT ADMINISTRATORS IN USHONGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study
Man has struggled from the earliest times to the present day to live a good life in order to achieve his objective. He tried to provide three essential things namely food, shelter and clothing. The early man had to move about in search of food.  Sometimes he had to move with his family until a comfortable care was found.  These movements require strength, ability and speed. When he settled down with his family he needed some forms of physical activity which give enjoyment and satisfaction (Uti and Ojeme, 2007). These movements and activities formed the basis of what we now call physical education, sports and recreation (Uti and Ojeme 2007).

Sport forms an aspect of physical education. They are activities done for enjoyment during leisure hours and they involve competition.  Some sports are done individually, or with a partner such as swimming, running, jumping, throwing, cycling, lawn tennis, table tennis, gouf, badminton and squash.  Other sports are done in teams such as soccer, volley balls, rounders , among others.  All sports have their rules which players must obey.  Sport can then be defined as any activity that is completive in nature and must have recorded history of development, rules and regulations involving physical exertions and organized associations such as squash, rackets, soccer, hockey (Ogundario, 2010).  All these games have origins and regulations governing their operations and each of these games has associations like Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) for soccer.

Sport facilities therefore connote permanent structures built for the sporting activities such as Athletic tack, stadia, soccer pitches, basket ball court, lawn tennis courts, squash court, gymnasium, among others (Ogundairo, 2010). Sport equipment on the other hand refers to those disposable items used in sports such as horizontal bars, weight lifting materials, basketball posts, hockey post, among others (Ogundairo 2010).

One of the most important areas of administrative concern of the sports administrators involves the management of facilities and equipment in physical education and sport programmes. The existence of sports facilities and equipment is of vital importance in the conduct of physical education, intramural sports and other sport prorammes.  The facilities and equipment available in a school for the conduct of sports and games programmes determine to considerable extent the type of sports programmes that can be offered.  Ekanem (1995) observed that standard facilities and equipment are essential pre-requisites to good and impressive performances in sports at all levels of participation.  Different types of activities require different facilities and equipment.  Consequently therefore any limitation of these facilities and equipment create difficulties in presenting the desired variety of sports activities.

In Benue State and Ushongo Local Government in particular, physical education, intramural sports and other sports programmes are today not wearing new look due to poor management of sport facilities and equipment in schools. This study therefore intends to assess sport facilities and equipment management in school sports as a responsibility of physical educators and sport administrators.

 

Statement of the Problem
Sport facilities and equipment are compulsory for any school that is offering physical education.  Their presence in the school can enhance physical education and intramural sports.  They complement the theoretical aspect of physical education which takes place in the four walls of classroom.

Sport facilities and equipment therefore need proper management for effective use and long lasting. Having them without proper management and maintenance is like not having them at all.  The management of sport facilities and equipment is the responsibility of physical educators and sport administrators at all levels.

However, sport facilities and equipment in many schools in Ushongo local government today are poorly managed. Some schools do not have it at all.  Physical educators and sport administrators do not give proper management and maintenance to these facilities at all.  This has greatly hampered and reduced sport practices in the schools. The study therefore attempts to answer the following questions thus:

What are the sport facilities and equipment in school sports?
What are the various ways of carrying and maintaining of sport facilities and equipment in school sports?
What is the task of physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipments in school sports?
What are the problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in school sports?
What are the proper measurements that would help physical educators and sports administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in school sports?
Purpose of Study.
The main aim of this study is to assess sport facilities and equipment management in school sports as a responsibility of physical educators and sport administrators in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.  Specifically, the study focuses on the following objectives:

To identify sport facilities and equipment in school sports.
To examine various ways of caring and maintaining sport facilities and equipment in school sports.
To enumerate the task of physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area.
To identify the problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in the school sports in the study area.
To suggest proper measures that would help physical educators and sports administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area.
Research Questions
The following are the research questions for the study:

What are the sport facilities and equipment in school sports?
What are the various ways of caring and maintaining sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area?
What is the task of physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area?
What are the problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in the school sports in the study area?
What are the proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area?
Significance of Study
It will be expected that the findings of this study will be significant in the following ways: It will help to enlighten the sport administrators and physical educators on the care and maintenance of sports facilities and equipment under this reach. It will also be useful to physical educators and sports administrators to have idea on the management of sport facilities and equipment in the schools.

The study will also help sport administrators to appoint management committee to manage sport facilities both in door and out door in our schools.  This committee will be scheduled on duty either monthly or weekly for effective supervision of sport facilities.  In addition, the study will examine guidelines on procurement of sport facilities in the schools.

Finally, the study would make useful suggestions that would help physical educators and sport administrators to have knowledge of facilities and equipment management.

Scope and Delimitation
This work is cast within Benue State of Nigeria but with specific focus on Ushongo Local Government Area.  Even in Ushongo LGA the study has covered a few selected secondary schools such as Government Secondary School Alu, GSS Lessel, GSS Ushongo, ICC Ikyobo, people’s Comprehensive High School, Lessel, WeghBar Memorial Secondary School Lessel, Ukan Grammar Secondary School Kartyou, Mbaanyam Day Secondary School Waapera, Mbagwa Community Secondary School Lessel and Mbagba High Secondary School Mbamngu. This is a representative feature of the remaining secondary schools in Ushongo Local Government Area.

The study therefore focuses on sport facilities and equipment management in school: a task of physical educators and sport administrators in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State. The study does not go beyond the above mentioned areas due to time and financial constraints.

Limitation of Study
This study would have covered the whole Benue State but due to time and financial constraints it covers only Ushongo Local Government Area. Even in Ushongo LGA, it does not cover all the Secondary Schools in the area due to the above stated reason.  Therefore, it samples randomly only 10 secondary schools to represent the total number of schools in Ushongo LGA of Benue State.

Definition of Terms
Sport: This is the physical activity done for exercise and pleasure, usually in a special area and according to fixed rules.

Facilities: Are pieces of equipment that are provided for particular purpose.

Equipment: This refers to things that are needed for particular purposes.

Management: The control and making of decisions.

Sport facilities and Equipment Management:   The pieces of equipment that are needed for sports and their control.

Sport Administrator: A person who is responsible for the management of sports facilities and equipment.

Physical Educator: A person who teaches physical and health education.

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction

This chapter deals with the review of related literature under various sub-headings such as concept of sports, sport facilities and equipment, care and maintenance of sports facilities and equipment, management and supervision of facilities and equipment, problems of poor maintenance of sport facilities and equipment and suggestions for proper management of sport facilities and equipment.

2.2 Concept of Sport

According to Ogundairo (2010) sport refers to any activity that is competitive in nature and must have recorded history of development, rules and regulations involving physical exertion and organized associations such as squash, rackets, soccer, hockey , others.  These games mentioned have origins, rules and regulations governing their operation and each of these games has association (Ogundaira, 2010).

In a similar view Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary defines sport as the physical activity done for exercise and pleasure, usually on a special area and according to fixed rules. Uti and Ojeme (2007) view sport as the activities done for enjoyment during leisure hours and they involve competition. Some sports are done individually, or with a partner such as a swimming , running, jumping, throwing, cycling, lawn tennis table tennis, gout badminton and squeaks (Uti and Ojeme, 2007). Other sports are done in teams which include soccer, volley ball, and rounders.

Akinsanmi (1992) says sport forms an important aspect of physical education. Sport makes physical education activities lively and encouraging.

2.3 Sport Facilities and Equipment in the School Sports

Sport facilities and equipment are all classes of physical education apparatus. Physical education apparatus can then be defined as implements required to enhance the performance of the users.  (Ogundairo, 2010).  Facilities and equipment therefore are different concept altogether. Their meaning and examples can be highlighted separately below:

2.3.1 Sport Facilities

According to Ogundairo (2010) facilities connote permanent structures built for the sporting activities.

Ogundairo (2010) therefore identify sport facilities to include the following:

Athletic track
Stadia
Soccer pitches
Basket ball court
Lawn tennis court
Gymnasium
Badminton courts
Volley ball courts
Anejo and Okwori (2004) state that, the existence of sport facilities is of vital importance in the conduct of physical education, intramural sports and other sport programmes.  They further say that, the facilities available in a school for the conduct of sports and games programmes determine to a considerable extent the type of sports programme that can be offered.

In a related view Ekanem (1995) observed that standard facilities are essential pre-requisites to good and impressive performances in sports at all levels of participation.  He further says different types of activities require different facilities. Consequently therefore any limitation of these facilities creates difficulties in presenting the desired variety of sports activities.

2.3.2 Sport Equipment

Sports equipment are different from sport facilities though they are all classes of physical education apparatus.  Ogundairo (2010) also define sport equipment as those disposable items used in sports.  Ogundairo (2010) identified sport equipment as follows:

Horizontal bars
Weight-lifting materials
Basket ball posts
Hockey posts
Just like sport facilities, sport equipment also play fundamental roles in the conduct of physical education, intramural sports and other sports programmes (Anejo and Okwori, 2010). Their availability in the school can determine the type of sport programmes that can be offered in the school.

Ekanem (1995) observed that standard equipment are essential pre-requisites to good and impressive performance in sports at all level of participation.

To agree with the above views, the study deduced that both sport facilities and equipment are of vital importance in the conduct of physical education, intramural sports and sport programmes. They determine the type of sport activities to be offered in the school.  They help to complement the theoretical aspect of physical education which takes place in the classroom.

2.4 Management and Supervision of Facilities and Equipment

Daft and Marcil (1998) refer to management as the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organizing, leading and controlling organizational resources.  Dubrin, Ireland, and Williams (1989) define management as the coordinated and integrated process of utilizing an organization’s resources (e.g. human, financial, physical, information/technological), to achieve specific objective through the functions of planning, organizing, leading, controlling, and staffing.  Hersey and Blanchard (1982) and Decenzo and Robbins (1999) note that management is working with and through individuals and groups to effectively accomplish organizational goals.  Educational administrators (1955) have long described management as “the total of the processes through which appropriate human and material resources are made available and effective for accomplishing the purpose of an enterprise”.

In another view the Sport Management Review Council (SMPAC), a representative council of National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) and the North American Society of Sport Management (NASSM) (1993-2000) further identify sport management as “the field of study offering the specialized training and education necessary for individuals seeking careers in any of the many segment of the industry. Regardless of its definition, Druker (1980) believes that management, its competence, integrity and its performance, is decisive and paramount as we move into the new millennium.  The antecedents of the theory and practice of management as we think of its today have their roots in the ancient civilization of human kind.

Therefore, administrative management of facilities and equipment in physical education, sport and recreation represents a large undertaking involving huge sums of money.  The administrator has a task to recognize his obligation in management of public property (facility) entrusted to his care in a manner, which substantiate the public trust placed in his executive office (Anejo and Okwori, 2004).  His responsibility as they relate to facilities and equipment encompasses planning, procurement, policy making, scheduling orientation, maintenance, record keeping and evaluation.  According to Anejo and Okwori (2004) the administrator should determine carefully in priority order, if necessary, those facility areas and items of equipment most needed to enable the various programmes to function at optimum levels of educational efficiency.

In conjunction with school authorities and staff personnel the administrator should establish a policy to be employed in the use,and acquisition and maintenance of facilities and equipment (Akinsanmi, 1992). He should introduce policies assuring safeguarding of participants as well as the protection of the facilities.  A well-planned schedule, which takes into consideration, times of use, groups involved and supervisory coverage should be made. Every effort should be made to orient all personnel who use school facilities and equipment.  The administrator should institute on accurate system of record keeping which can function to advantage in improving the management of facilities and equipment.

The Journal of Nigeria Academy of Sport Administration 1 (1 and 2) p.64 says the extent to which facilities and equipment are properly used and maintained will depend in large measure upon the attention devoted to this area of school operation by instructional supervisory personnel in the school. Without their understanding and help it is difficult to accomplish a genuine concern on the part of the students in the use of facilities and equipment.

2.4.1 Safety Guards in Facilities and Equipment Management

Any approach of facility management must demonstrate a genuine concern for the safety of all participants as well as those who direct activities.  Safeguard should be established which will permit the greatest use of facilities with a minimum of danger to those engaged in activities.  This entails the use of all conceivable safety devices in each facilities unit and a constant vigilance for necessary repairs, which might present a danger to participants (Akinsanmi, 1992). Akinsanmi(1992) says   the most apparent reason for putting into effect health regulations as they relate to facility usage is for the protection of participants in such matters of personnel cleanliness and sanitation.

According to Anejo and Okwori (2004) safeguards are to be established to prevent the misuse of facilities through improper activities being employed. For efficient control and supervision of facilities, written rules and regulations can be developed for all facilities within the scope of responsibility of the administrator in physical education, recreation and health (Anejo and Okwori, 2004).  These rules and regulations should be prominently displayed and made known to all persons and groups who are going to use the various facilities in the programmes.

2.4.2 Management and Scheduling of Facilities:

A management committee to manage facilities is a wise thing to have and should be established (Anejo and Okwori, 2004).  Members of the committee charged with the responsibility of managing in door facilities should see to the frequent supervision of materials, floors, walls, ceilings insulation systems and services and climate control.

According to Akinsanmi (1992) outdoor facilities should be fenced round for security purpose and constant inspection of fence should be carried out so that repairs are made when the need arise.  Grassy surfaces should be frequently cheeked to ensure evenness and tall grasses should be cut.  Concrete courts requiring resurfacing should be promptly repaired and correct marking done.

The director of facilities is administratively responsible for scheduling and for the supervision of facilities and the staff employed to assist him.  Schedules should be formulated on a weekly and monthly basis and posted in predetermined locations.  Strict scheduling and access control be maintained in order to ensure adequate supervision and appropriate usage of facilities.

Frost and Marshall (1977) suggested the following guidelines for the protection of facilities and scheduling of activities:

Facilities for individual and dual sports must be carefully controlled.  Sign-up forms for tennis courts, badminton courts, table tennis courts, squash courts and similar facilities should be use and a time limit established for each group of participants.
A supervisor who is knowledge about safety procedures and hazards should be in charge during all period when the room is opened for general use in the gymnasium.
One or more staff member should be in-charge of the facilities whenever they are used for community activities.
Police protection should be provided whenever spectators are expected at events in these facilities.
Rules regarding foot wear, traffic control and other regulations to protect surfaces and prevent vandalism are necessary if facilities are to be properly maintained.
Only those who really need keys to fields, building and rooms should have them.  All keys should be checked out in meticulous control of keys and a lock is necessary.
There should be regular systematic safety checks of all play ground, such checks should be made by qualified and authorized individuals if legal liability is to be avoided.
There should be some provision for provision for rainy day facilities when classes scheduled out-door are forced inside.  The provision of rainy days should be made in advance and not when the class is scheduled to meet classrooms, lecturer rooms and the gymnasium can be used when not otherwise scheduled.
2.5 Care and Maintenance of Sport Facilities and Sport Equipment:

2.5.1 Care and Maintenance of Sport Facilities

Frost and Marshall (1977) agreed that “a well maintained facility generates pride on the part of students and staff, has a positive effect on morale.  Good maintenance is usually the product of good relationship between administration and custodia staff. Adequate maintenance personnel, reasonable use of facilities, care during off-seasons and attention to new maintenance technology and improvements in materials”.

They maintained that no grass field could tolerate daily football field.  No floor will stand constant use if there is a coating of sand or gravel on it most of the time. It is impossible to maintain facilities properly if they are used every minute of the day and evening.  The head of physical and health education department or whoever is charged with the management of facilities must see it as responsibility to schedule facilities so that it is possible to supervise and maintain them (Frost and Marshall, 1997).

Off season should be used to trim or cut grassy areas, improve all facilities, repair equipment and install new ones.  Floors should be painted, lines marked and fields fertilized during this time.  No facilities will last forever, without careful maintenance (Anejo and Okwori, 2004). The administrator and other members of staff must work diligently to keep important facilities clean and in good repairs.  Anejo and Okwori (2004) therefore suggested some guidelines to promote the maintenance and safety of sports facilities as follows:

A well planned schedule which takes into consideration times of use of facilities, groups involved in the use, activities involved and supervisory coverage should be made as a control measure.
Supervision of facilities should be done regularly to detect areas that need servicing and repairs.
Maintenance personnel who are trained and qualified in the area of facilities should be employed to take charge of sports facilities maintenance.
Only bana-fide students and authorized groups from the community should be allowed the use of the school’s sport facilities.
A policy to be employed in the use, acquisition and maintenance of facilities should be established.
There should be written rules, regulations and safeguard activities being engaged in.
2.5.2 Care and Maintenance of Sport Equipment

Maintenance of equipment involves making and issuing all types of equipment as well as keeping all equipment in the highest possible repair (Anejo and Okwori, 2004).  It is important to establish some sound guidelines for purchasing, maintaining and storing equipment in order to get the most out of each and every previous pieces of equipment a school team may possess.  There is noting more aggravating than to see a good piece of equipment ruined just because some one did not know how to care for it properly (Anejo and Okwori, 2004).

For proper management and care of equipment, Anejo and Okwori (2004) say, it is important to have some one with knowledge store keeping and also knowledge in the area of sports equipment to take charge of the equipment room on a full time basis if possible.  Alternatively, arrangement can be made to have a custodian in charge on a part time basis.  If this is not possible then responsible students can be appointed to work in the equipment room.

The equipment room is a very important part of equipment care and use. The room should be clean, dry and well ventilated, and must be provided with the greatest degree of security.  Maximum security, controlled conditions and storage devices facilities the long-range preservation of equipment and supplies.  A policy in maintenance of and administrative responsibility should be clear to all in the programmes.  All directors or coaches must be made responsible for the basic care of equipment.  Information must be given to those responsible as to the proper handling of leather goods, athletic shoes, and inflated materials, all rubber equipment, and fabrics used in sports uniforms, had plastic protective equipment and laundering factors.  The do’s and don’ts properly interpreted from the time equipment is unpacked until it is discarded as “won out are essential” (Akinsanmi, 1992).

For proper management and care of sport equipment, inventories of all equipment should receive the undivided attention of every sports director and coach. This is necessary if the funds used to purchase the equipment are to be employed efficient.  Healey and Healey (1986) maintained that by listing each piece of sport equipment,it is possible to know at all times exactly how much equipment is available, what it is, and the condition it is in.  A good inventory system will help eliminate loss of equipment. It can be done on monthly, yearly or for a three-year period depending on the kind of equipment that is being invented (Healey and Healey, 1986).

Collins (1971) views that, the numbering and marking of equipment will make it easier for the equipment officer to care for it. This will also help to easily identify lost equipment.  The yearly  inventories from each sport should be filed so that they are easily accessible.  From one year to the next.  This type of inventory is valuable because it can be used each year as an example for what equipment is in list.  Collins (1971) suggests the following heading to be typed across the top of each card:

Name of item
Quantity on hand
Present condition
Date of inventory
He further says a title for each card is printed in the lower left hand corner, so that all card titles are visible when the note book cover is opened.  The titles are arranged in alphabetic order to simplify the location of a certain item such as pad, footballs, tennis balls, among others.

2.6 Problems of poor management and maintenance of sport Facilities and Equipment:

Improper maintenance of sport facilities and equipment can generate into numerous problems.  According to Akinsanmi (1995), without the provision and effective maintenance of sport equipment and facilities, sports practices will be hampered, reduced and in some cases made impossible.

Udoh (1986) observes that the besides the dearth of sports equipments and facilities, the greatest problem is the situation whereby the maintenance crew fail to do their job and no one cares to take appropriate steps to see that these maintenance personnel carryout their function. He opined that maintenance of sports equipment and facilities is such a specialized function that only qualified hand should be assigned the duty.  He sees the area of equipment and facilities maintenance as an important part that requires the best of attention possible in physical education and sports administration.

In a similar view Okwori (2004) maintained that poor maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in the school can spoil the conduct of physical education, intramural sports and other sport programmes.  They say the facilities and equipment available in a school for the conduct of sports and games programme determine to a considerable extent the type of sports programme that can be offered.

Ekanem (1995) observed that poor maintenance of facilities and equipment leads to poor performance in sports at all levels of participation.  He further emphasized that any limitation of these facilities and equipment creates difficulties in presenting the desired variety of sports activities.

2.7 Proper Measure for Management and Maintenance of Sport Facilities and Equipment:

For proper management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment, physical educators and sport administrations are endavoured to take cognizance of the sport facilities and equipment entrusted to them.

Anejo and Okwori (2004) suggested the proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in the management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment entrusted to them as follows.

The death of sports facilities and equipment in our institutions can not be overlooked.  Provision of adequate facilities and equipment is highly essential and required for successful physical education and sport programmes.
The institutions authorities should not be contented with mere belief that sport facilities and equipment should be maintained but should ensure that the maintenance is done promptly.
Every maintenance precaution should be taken to keep equipment in operating order with particular emphasis being placed upon drying, clearing and repairing.
A management committee to manage sports facilities both indoor and outdoor should be established in our institutions.
Only bona-fide students and authorized groups from the community should be allowed the use of sport facilities.
Concrete courts requiring resurfacing should be promptly repaired and correct marking done.
The best protective equipment should be purchased even if it means buying fewer units.
Outdoor facilities should be fenced to prevent vehicular and pedestrian traffic and security measures should be taken to reduce the possibility of vandalism and misuse of facility surfaces.
For proper maintenance, sport equipment must be cleaned and laundered if possible after every game.  Practice equipment should be cleaned and air-dried after use.
Off-seasons should be used to trim or cut grassy areas; improve and repair facilities and install new ones.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction

This chapter provides the procedure that was employed to carryout the study. The procedure include introduction, research design, population of study, sample and sampling selection technique, instrumentation, method procedure of data collection and finally method of data analysis.

3.2 Research Design

The research design for this study is basically a survey design.  The research was designed in such a way that it captures the true situation on ground and also permits a clear interpretation of result and findings.  A field survey was conducted by the researcher with the use of questionnaire as the tool for data collection.  The researcher administered questionnaire to physical educators and sport administrators with the aim of eliciting information on the management of sport facilities and equipment in the school sports which is the hub of the study.

3.3 Population of Study

The population of study for this research comprises of school authorities, heads of departments of physical and health education, game masters, all teachers of physical and health education and students in the ten elected secondary schools in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.  They are:

Government Secondary School, Alu
Government Secondary School Lessel,
People’s Comprehensive Secondary School Lessel
WeghBar Memorial Secondary School Lessel
Ukan Gramma Secondary School Kartyou
Mbanyam Day Secondary School Waapera
Mbagwa Community Secondary School Lessel
Ikyobo Comprehensive College Ikyobo(ICC)
Government Secondary School Ushongo and
Mbagba High Secondary School, Mbamngu.
3.4 Sample and Sampling Selection Technique

A sample of ten (10) secondary schools was selected to give a true representation of the entire number of secondary schools in Usongo Local Government Area in order to have accurate information about the research topic in which generalization could be made.  The selection of the sample schools was done through random sampling technique where the researcher was involved in drawing from the lot using rolled pieces of papers containing the names of all the secondary schools in the local government area.  The schools to be studied were picked randomly.

Secondly, a sample size of 140 people was interviewed through the administering of questionnaire using random sampling techniques.  In each selected school, 14 people were interviewed through questionnaire on the topic.  The sample represented both sexes.

3.5 Instrumentation

The instrument of data collection for the study includes the following:

Questionnaire
Oral interviews
Personal observations
3.5.1 Questionnaire

The researcher designed questionnaire that would be used to find out sports facilities and equipment management in school sports, the task for physical educators and sport administrators in various schools in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.  The questionnaire consisted of two sections.  Section one was the personal information and two was designed to elicit information relating to the research questions.

3.5.2 Oral Interviews

An oral interview was held with some staff of the schools so as to ascertain whether the respondents really understand what was sent to them.  This was done with few selected staff.  The questions that were asked were the native of the questionnaire. The method that was adopted during interview was discussion approach.

3.5.3 Personal Observations

Personal observation was carried out by the researcher in order to have an idea of the topic under investigation.

3.6 Method of Procedure of Data Collection

Before the collection of data was done, the letter of permission and samples of questionnaire was shown to each principal of the selected schools.  After that, the administration of the questionnaire was carried out by the researcher and was assisted by the sport administrator or game masters in the school.  The distribution and collection of questionnaire lasted for 5 days.  A total of 140 copies of questionnaire were sent to the schools.  However, 100% of the distributed questionnaire was returned.

3.7 Method of Data Analysis

The data was analyzed using tables of frequency and percentages.  The percentage was computed and the data was interpreted and discussed.  The aim of analyzing data that was collected is to achieve the objectives of the study which were stated in chapter one of this work.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1 Introduction

This chapter deals with the  presentation, analysis and interpretation of data.  The data was collected from the field through questionnaire, personal observation and oral interview.  The presentation an analysis of data was on the basis of the objectives of the study.  The collected data was therefore presented using tables of frequency and percentages as stated in chapter three of this project report.  Each table presented is carefully explained in order to answer the research questions of the study.

Consequently, the chapter deals with the personal information of the people who involved in the sport facilities and equipment management in the school sport in the study area.

4.2 Data Presentation

The data collected was presented using tables of frequency and percentages according to the objectives of the study.

4.2.1 Personal Information of the Respondents in the Study Area

This comprises the sex, school and occupation of the respondents in the area.   It can be presented in tables 1 – 3 below:

 

 

 

 

Table 1:  Sex Distribution of the Respondents in Ushongo Local Government Area.

S/N
Sex
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Male
98
70
2.
Female
42
30

Total
140
100
Source: Field Work, 2013

The table 1 above shows that 70% of the respondents were male while 30% were female. This indicates that the greater population of the respondents is male.

 

Table 2: Respondents in their Respective Schools in the Study Area.

S/N
School
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Government Secondary School, Alu
14
10
2.
Government Secondary School, Lessel
14
10
3.
Government Secondary School, Ushongo
14
10
4.
Mbagwa Community Secondary School, Lessel
14
10
5.
Ikyobo Comprehensive Secondary School, Ikyobo
14
10
6.
Wegh-Bar Memorial Secondary School, Lessel
14
10
7.
Ukan Grammar Secondary School, Kartyou
14
10
8.
Mbaanyam Day Secondary School, Waapera
14
10
9.
People’s Comprehensive High School, Lessel
14
10
10.
Mbagba High Secondary School, Mbangu
14
10

Total
140
100
Source: Field Work, 2013

The above table shows that each sampled school contains 14 respondents representing 10% each.

 

Table 3:  Main Occupation of the Respondents in the Area

S/N
Occupation
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Sport Administrators
40
29
2.
Physical Educators
100
71

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The above table indicates that 29% of the respondents are sport administrators while 100% represent physical educators which students are inclusive.

 

4.2.2 Sport Facilities and Equipment in School Sport in the Study Area.

This section identifies the sport facilities and equipment that are available in schools in the study area.  Data on this can be presented in table 4, 5a and 5b below:

 

Table 4: Responses on Availability of Sport Facilities and Equipment in Schools

S/N
Response
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Yes
110
79
2.
No
30
21

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The table 4 above shows that 79% of the respondents agreed that they have sport facilities and equipment in their schools while the remaining 21% is the view that they do not have them in their schools.

Table 5a: Sport Facilities Available in Schools in the Study Area.

S/N
Facilities
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Athletic track
30
21
2.
Stadia
0
0
3.
Soccer pitches
41
29
4.
Gymnasium
71
5
5.
Squash courts
4
3
6.
Badminton courts
8
6
7.
Lawn Tennis courts
10
7
8.
Basket ball courts
12
9
9.
Volley ball courts
28
20

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The above table shows that 21% of the respondents say that athletic track is available in their schools 0% of the respondents say they do no have stadia in their schools, 29% agree that they have soccer pitches in their schools while Gymnasium and squash court represents 5% and 3% respectively. Also Badminton court is available in the schools in the study which was confirmed by 6% of the respondents, while volley ball courts and basket ball courts have 20% and 9% respectively.

 

 

 

 

Table 5b:  Sports Equipment Available in Schools in the Study Area

S/N
Equipments
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Horizontal bars
60
43
2.
Basket ball posts
25
18
3.
Hockey posts
0
0
4.
Weight-lifting materials
0
0
5.
Volley ball posts
55
39

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The above table indicates that horizontal bars have 43%, basket ball post represents 18% while hockey posts and weight-lifting materials have 0% each, and volley ball posts contains 39% of the respondents.

 

Table 6: Responses on Functionality of Facilities and Equipment in the Schools

S/N
Response
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Yes
75
54
2.
No
65
46

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The table 6, above shows that 54% of the respondents is of the view that sport facilities and equipment in their schools are not functional while the remaining 46% is of the view that they area functional.  This indicates that the majority of the sport facilities and equipment in Ushongo Local Government Area are not functional.

4.2.3 Various Ways of Caring and Maintaining of Sport Facilities and Equipment in School Sport in the Study Area.

This examines the various ways of caring and maintaining of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area as presented in the tables 7a and 7b below respectively.

 

Table 7a:  Care and Maintenance of Sports Facilities in the Study Area

S/N
Care and Maintenance
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Regular supervision of facilities
25
18
2.
Placement of written rules, regulations and safeguard to prevent the misuse of the facilities.
23
16
3.
Policy for use, acquisition and maintenance of the facilities.
20
14
4.
Only bonafide students and authorized communities to use the facilities.
22
16
5.
Employment of maintenance personnel who are trained and qualified in the area of facilities.
26
19
6.
Use of well planned schedule to determine the time of use of facilities.
24
17

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

Based on the above table, 18% of the respondents view that regular supervision of facilities is one of the ways of caring and maintaining sport facilities in the study area, 16% of the respondents is of the view that there should be a placement of written rules, regulations and safeguard to prevent the misuse of the facilities, 14% is of the opinion that the policy for use, acquisition and maintenance be employed, 19% of the respondents view that there should be employment of maintenance personnel who are trained and qualified in the area of facilities while the remaining 17% say a well planned schedule to determine the time of use of facilities be employed.

 

Table 7b:   Care and Maintenance of Sport Equipment in the Study Area

S/N
Care and Maintenance
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Employment of store keepers
20
14
2.
Numbering of equipment for easy care and maintenance.
15
11
3.
Making of inventories
18
13
4.
Good conditioning of the equipment room
17
12
5.
Repair of the damaged equipment
21
15
6.
Regular check up of the equipment after use
19
13
7.
Storage of equipment after use
15
11
8.
Cleaning and laundering after every game.
15
11

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The table 7b above shows various ways of caring and maintenance of sport equipment in the school sports.  It indicates that employment of stores as one of the ways of caring and maintaining of equipment contains 14% of the respondents, numbering of equipment for easy care and maintenance vote 11%, making of inventories has 13%, good conditioning of the equipment room has 12% and repair of the damaged equipment represents 15%.  It also indicates that regular check up of the equipment represents 13% while storage of equipment after use as well as cleaning and laundering after every game represent 11% each.

4.2.4 The Task of Physical Educators and sport Administrators in the Management of sport Facilities and Equipment in School Sport.

Table 8:  Management of Sport Facilities and Equipment by Physical Educators and Sport Administrators.

S/N
Management
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Planning
22
15
2.
Procurement
19
14
3.
Policy making
19
14
4.
Record keeping
20
14
5.
Scheduling orientation
19
14
6.
Maintenance
22
15
7.
Evaluation
19
14

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work, 2013

The above table indicates that planning and evaluation as ways of managing sport facilities and equipment receive 15% each from the respondents while the remaining ways such as policy making, record keeping, and scheduling orientation maintenance and evaluation contain 14% each.

 

 

 

4.2.5 Problems of Poor Management and Maintenance of Sport Facilities and Equipment in the Area.

 

Table 9:   Problems of Poor Management and Maintenance of Sport Facilities and Equipment in the Study Area.

S/N
Problem
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Hampering of sport practices
29
21
2.
Reducing the quality of physical education
28
20
3.
Destruction of facilities and equipment
28
20
4.
Reducing intramural sports
28
20
5.
Making sport practices impossible
28
19

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work 2013

Table 9 above indicates that hampering of sport practices as one of the problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment receive 21% of the respondents in the study area, reducing the quality of physical education, destruction of facilities and equipment, reducing intramural sports have 20% of the total respondents each while making sport practices impossible as yet another problem of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in the study area receive 19% from the respondents.

 

4.2.6 Proper Measures for Management of Sport Facilities and Equipment in School Sport by Physical Educators and Sport Administrators.

 

Table 10:  Measures for Management of Facilities and Equipment in the Area.

S/N
Measures
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1.
Setting up of a management committee to manage sport facilities
29
21
2.
Promptly repairing and correctly marking of the concrete courts requiring resurfacing
28
20
3.
Use of off-season to trim grassy areas
28
20
4.
Storage of unused equipment
28
20
5.
Use of policy regarding the care of sports equipment as well as instructing players in the care of equipment.
27
19

Total
140
100
Source:  Field Work 2013

The table 10 above, 21% of total respondents indicated that setting up of a management committee manage sport facilities is one of the proper measures of managing sport facilities and equipment in the area, 20% of the respondents suggest that prompt repair of concrete courts resurfacing and correct marking, use of off-season to trim grassy areas, and storage of unused equipment all also measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in the study area while 19% of the respondents is of the view policy regarding the acre of sport equipment as well as instructing players in the care of equipment is yet another measure of managing sport facilities and equipment in the study area.

4.3 Interpretation of Results.

The researcher therefore makes use of the data presented in tables of frequency and percentages to answer the research questions of the study which can then form the findings of the study as can be seen below:

4.3.1 Research Questions

4.3.1.1 Research Question One

What are the sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area?

 

To answer the above question, the researcher made use of table 5a and 5b respectively as presented in the analysis.  According to the analysis of the result presented in the table 5a, the sport facilities in the study area include Athletic track, soccer pitches, Gymnasium, squash courts, badminton courts, lawn tennis courts, basket ball courts and volley courts.  Sport equipment in the study area on the other hand includes horizontal bars, basket ball posts, and volley ball posts (see table 5b for details).  Therefore the sport facilities and equipment in the study area as outlined here is in line with the ones earlier identified by Ogundairo (2010). These sports facilities and equipment are found in all the schools in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.

However, the greater portion of the sport facilities and equipment in the schools in the study area are non-functional due to poor management and maintenance by the sport administrators and the physical educators in the area (see table 6).  The researcher also confirms this through personal observation during the study.  This greatly hampers sport practices and reduces the quality of physical education as well as reducing intramural sports in the various schools in the area.

4.3.1.2   Research Question Two

What are the various ways of caring and maintaining of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area?

 

The analysis presented in the table 7a indicates the various ways of caring and maintaining of sport facilities in the study area to include the following thus:

Regular supervision of facilities to detect areas that need serving and repairs.
Employment of Maintenance personnel who are trained and qualified in the area of facilities to take charge of sport facilities maintenance.
Employment of policy for use, acquisition and maintenance of the facilities.
Only bonafide students and authorized communities to use the facilities.
Use of well planned schedule to determine the times of use of facilities.
Placement of written rules, regulations and safeguard to prevent the misuse of the sport facilities.
Also, table 7b on the other hand presents the various ways of caring and maintenance of sport equipment in the study area s thus:

Employment of the store keepers to take charge of the stored equipment.
Numbering of the equipment for easy care and maintenance.
Making of inventories
Good conditioning of the equipment room in order to secure safety of the equipment.
Repair of the damaged equipment
Regular check up of the equipment
Storage of the equipment after use
Cleaning and laundering of equipment after every game
4.3.1.3 Research Question Three

What is the task of psychical educators and sport administrators in the      management of sport facilities and equipment in the school sport in the study area?

 

Table 8 reviews some task, which would help physical educators and sport administrators in order to manage properly the sport facilities and equipment in the study area.  They include planning, procurement, policy making, record keeping, scheduling orientation, maintenance and evaluation (see table 8). This review is agreed upon by the past works viewed by Anejo and Okwori (2004), Frost and Marshall (1997) and Akinsanmi (1992).

Therefore good management and supervision of sport facilities and equipment in the school can enhance the smooth running of sport practices and their long term benefits in the schools.

4.3.1.4 Research Question Four

What are the problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in the school sport in the study area?

According to the analysis presented in table 9, the problems of the poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in school sport in the study area include the following:

Hampering of the sport practices
Reducing the quality of physical education
Destruction of facilities and equipment
Reducing intramural sports
Making sport practices in schools impossible
4.3.1.5 Research Question Five

What are the proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area?

 

Table 10 presents the analysis on the proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators for the management and supervision of facilities and equipment in schools in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State. They include the following:

Setting up of a management committee to manage sport facilities
Promptly repairing and correctly marking of concrete courts requiring resurfacing
Use of off-season to trim grassy areas.
Storage of unused equipment
Use of policy regarding the care of sports equipment as well as instructing players in the care of equipment.
These measures if properly used can reshape the dilapidated sport facilities and equipment in all schools in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.  Anejo and Okwori (2004) advance measures for proper management of sports facilities and equipment which cannot be far from these.

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATION AND SUGGESTIONS

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the summary, conclusion, recommendations and suggestions for further studies.

5.2 Summary

Sport forms an aspect of physical education. They are activities done for enjoyment during leisure hours and they involve competition. Sport facilities therefore connote permanent structures built for the sporting activities such as Athletic track, stadia, soccer pitches, basket ball court, lawn tennis courts, squash court, gymnasium, among others (Ogundairo 2010). Sport equipment on the other hand refers to those disposable items used in sports such as horizontal bars, weight-lifting materials, basket ball posts, hockey post among others (Ogundairo ,2010). The presence of sport facilities and equipment in any school can enhance physical education and intramural sports.  They also improve the quality of sport practices at all levels.

Data on the sport facilities and equipment management in school sport by physical educators and sport administrators in the study are reviewed that Athletic track, soccer pitches, gymnasium, squash courts, badminton courts, lawn tennis courts, basket ball courts and volley ball courts are the sport facilities in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.

The study also examines various ways of caring and maintaining of sport facilities and equipment in school sport in the study area to include regular supervision of facilities do detect areas that need servicing and repairs, employment of maintenance personnel who are trained and qualified in the area of facilities to take charge of sport facilities maintenance, policy for use, acquisition and maintenance of the facilities be employed, only bona-fide students and authorized communities to use the facilities, placements of written rules, regulations and safeguards to prevent the misuse of the facilities, employment of the store keepers and others.

It is also discovered that physical educators and sport administrators make use of planning, procurement, policy making, record keeping, maintenance and evaluation as a task for the management of sport facilities and equipment in the study area.

The study also reviews that poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in school sports in the study area lead to the hampering of sport practices in the study area, reduces the quality of physical education, destroys facilities and equipment, reduce intramural sports as well as making sports practices in schools impossible.

The study lastly suggests proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in the area to include setting up of management committee to manage sport facilities, use off-season to trim grassy areas, storage of unused equipment and promptly repairing and correcting marking concrete courts requiring resurfacing.

 

 

5.3 Conclusion

Based on the analysis of the data collected from the field through questionnaire, personal observation and oral interview with the physical educators and sport administrators in the various schools across the study area, the following conclusion can be made on the sport facilities and equipment management in the school sport: A task for physical educators and sport administrators in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State that:

Sport facilities in school sport in the study area include athletic tract,soccer pitches, gymnasium, squash courts, badminton courts, lawn tennis courts, basket ball courts and volley ball courts; while the sport equipment in the study area include horizontal bars, basket ball posts, and volley ball posts.
The various ways of caring and maintaining of sport facilities in the study area include regular supervision of facilities to detect areas that need servicing and repairs, employment of maintenance personnel who are trained and qualified in the area of facilities to take charge of sport facilities maintenance, policy for use, acquisition and maintenance of the facilities be employed, placement of written rules, regulations and safeguard to prevent the misuse of the facilities, use of well planned schedule to determine the times of use of facilities, only bona-fide students and authorized communities to use the facilities to ensure their safety.  On the other hand, sport equipment in the study area are cared for and maintained through the following ways thus: employment of store keepers, numbering of equipment for easy care and maintenance, making of inventories, good conditioning of the equipment room, repair of the damaged equipment, regular check up of the equipment after use as well as cleaning and laundering the equipment as every game.
Physical educators and sport administrators in the study area use planning, procurement, policy making, record keeping, scheduling orientation, maintenance and evaluation as a task for sport facilities and equipment management in the local government area.
The problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in the study area include hampering of sport practices, reduction of the quality of physical education in the schools, reducing the intramural sports, destruction of facilities and equipment as well as making sport practices in schools impossible.
The proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in the equipment in school sports in the study area include: setting up of management committee to manage sport facilities, use of off-season to trim grassy areas, storage of unusual equipment, promptly repairing and marking correctly the concrete courts requiring resurfacing and the use of policy regarding the care of sports equipment as well as instructing players in the case of equipment.
It is however generally concluded that some sport facilities such as stadia are not found in the schools in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State. On the part of the sport equipment, it was discovered that Hockey posts and weight-lifting materials are not common in all the schools in the study area.

All sport facilities and equipment available in the schools in the study area are not properly managed and maintained by the physical educators and sport administrators due to ignorance and financial constraints.

5.4 Recommendation

Having interacted with the physical educators and sport administrators in various schools in the study area, the study therefore makes some recommendations to improve the quality of sport facilities and equipment management in school sports in the local government as follows:

A management committee to manage sport facilities both indoor and outdoor should be established in our institutions.
Equipment should be store, repaired and maintained in accordance with manufactures recommendations.
The institutions authorities should not be contented with mere belief that sport facilities and equipment should be maintained but should ensure that the maintenance is done promptly.
There must be a definite policy regarding the care of sports equipment and players must be instructed in the care of equipment.
Sport administrators in Ushongo Local Government should provide stadia, hockey posts and weight-lifting materials among the sport facilities and equipment in their various schools in order to improve the standard of sport activities in the schools.
Sport facilities and equipment available in the schools in the study area should be properly managed and maintained in order to ensure their longelity.
Outdoor facilities should be fenced to prevent vehicular and pedestrian traffic and security measures should be taken to reduce the possibility of vandalism and misuse of facility surfaces.
The best protective equipment should be purchased even if it means buying fewer units.
For proper maintenance, sport equipment must be cleaned and laundered if possible after every game.  Practice equipment should be cleaned and air-dried after use.
Plans should be made for storage of all equipments when not in use so that all items are protected from determination, theft and authorized use.
5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies

In the course of carrying out this study, the following areas have been identified by the researcher as being importance for those wishing to carry out research work.

The effect t of sport facilities and equipment on physical education in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.
Problems of sport facilities and equipment management in Ushongo Local Government Area of Benue State.
Management and supervision of sport facilities and equipment in Ushongo Local Government Area.

REFERENCES

Anejo, E. E, and Okwori, A. (2004).  Sports Facilities and Equipment in School Sports: A Task for Physical Educators and Sport Administrators, Benue State University Journal of Educational Foundation (1) 47-54.

 

Akinsanmi, T. (1992).  Maintenance of Sport Facilities and Equipment: The Experience of Nigeria Colleges of Education in Nigeria, Journal of Nigeria Academy of Sport Administration 1 (1 and 2) p.64.

 

Charles, A. Bucher and March, L. Krotee (2004).  Management of Physical Education and Sport (12th ed). P.C.M.

 

Collins, Don A. (1971). “A Workable Athletic Equipment Budget”; The Athletic Journal; USA p. 64-65.

 

Ekanem, M. U. (1995).  Towards Improving Nigerians Performance in International Sports Competitions, Journal of the National Institute for Sport 1 (1) p.30.

 

Healey, J. H. and Healey, W. A. (1986).  Administrative Practices in Boys and Girls Interscholastic Athletics, Charles C. Thomas Publishers Illinois, USA.

 

Nixon, J. E. and Jewett, A. E. (1980). An Introduction to Physical Education (9th ed.), Philadelphia; W. B. Saunders Publishing Company; USA.

 

Ogundairo D.O (20IO), Physical and Health Education for Junior Secondary Schools 1;Ibadan.

 

Uti .J.O and Ojeme E.O (2007), Comprehensive Physical Education for Junior Secondary Schools; Lagos; Rex Charles and Patrick Ltd.

 

 

APPENDICES

APPENDIX ‘A’

QUESTIONNAIRE

SECTION A: PERSONAL INFORMATION

INTRODUCTIONS:   Tick where applicable (√ )

Indicate your sex: (i)  Male  [  ]  (ii) Female [  ]
Tick your school:
i)
Government Secondary School, Alu [   ]
ii)
Government Secondary School, Lessel [   ]
iii)
Government Secondary School, Ushongo [   ]
iv)
Mbagwa Community Secondary School, Lessel [   ]
v)
Ikyobo Comprehensive Secondary School, Ikyobo [   ]
vi)
Wegh-Bar Memorial Secondary School, Lessel [   ]
vii)
Ukan Grammar Secondary School, Kartyou [   ]
viii)
Mbaanyam Day Secondary School, Waapera [   ]
ix)
People’s Comprehensive High School, Lessel [   ]
x)
Mbagba High Secondary School, Mbangu [   ]
State your occupation: (i) Physical Educator [   ] (ii) Sport Administrator[  ]

 

SECTION B:  QUESTIONNAIRE ON SPORT FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOL

Do you have sport facilities and equipment in your school?  (i) Yes [   ]  (ii) No [   ]
If Yes, tick the ones available
Facilities: (i)  Athletic  track [   ]
(ii) Stadia [   ]

(iii) Soccer pitches [   ]

(iv) Lawn tennis court [   ]

(v) Gymnasium [   ]

(vi) Squash court [   ]

(vii) Badminton court [   ]

(viii) Basket ball court [   ]

(ix) Volley ball courts [   ]

Equipment:   (i) Horizontal bars [   ]
(ii) Basket ball post [   ]

(iii) Hockey posts [   ]

(iv) Weight-lifting materials [   ]

(v) Volley ball post [   ]

Are these facilities and equipment in your school functional?  (i) Yes [   ]  (ii) No [   ]
Generally, what do you consider to be the task of physical educators and sport administrators in the management of sport facilities and equipment in your school?
Planning [   ]  (ii) procurement [   ]  (iii) policy making [   ]  (iv) record keeping [   ] (v) scheduling orientation  [   ]  (vi) maintenance [   ]             (vii) Evaluation [   ]
What do you think are the various ways of maintaining sport facilities and equipment in your school?
……………………………………………………………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………… …
……………………………………………………………………………… …
What are the problems of poor management and maintenance of sport facilities and equipment in your school?
It hampers or reduce sport practices [  ]
It reduces the quality of physical education  [  ]
It destroys the facilities and equipment  [  ]
It reduces intramural sports  [  ]
It makes sports practices impossible  [  ]
What is the condition state of the facilities and equipment in your school?
(i) Very Good  [  ]  (ii) Good  [  ]  (iii)  Partial  [  ]  (iv) Poor  [  ]    (v) Very poor  [  ]  (vi) Extremely poor  [  ]

Now that you have known the condition state of sport facilities and equipment in your school, what would you suggest to be the proper measures that would help physical educators and sport administrators in Ushongo Local Government to manage and maintain them effectively?

Speak Your Mind

*