Public Sector – An Appraisal Of Accounting System

AN APPRAISAL OF ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR (A CASE STUDY OF BOARD OF INTERNAL REVENUE ENUGU STATE)

Public Sector – An Appraisal Of Accounting System

ABSTRACT

This write up is the result of a studying of the accounting process in the public sector. The work is principally aimed at providing an insight into the accounting system of Board of Internal revenue Enugu State, its inefficiency, problems and ways these problems could be effectively be managed.

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This work is divided into five chapters namely; The first chapter which is the introduction of the topic, the researcher defined public sector accounting, the purpose and objective as well as the significance of the study. In chapter two, the researcher focuses on the review of related literature as it is related to the research topic and such review include historical development of government accounting, Basis of accounting and sources of cash and recording media. In chapter three, the researcher indicated the research method used in detail; also it was in chapter four that the data used were collected, presented, analyzed and show the responses to the area being investigated which were documented along with their percentage relating to the question asked. In the last chapter, the researcher discussed the result obtained from data analysis in chapter four and also a useful and constructive suggestion was put down as that any interested party may be wee guided.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover page:…………………………………………………………….

Title page:…………………………………………………………..

Certification:………………………………………………………

Dedication:………………………………………………………..

Acknowledgement:………………………………………………

Abstract:………………………………………………………….

Table of contents:………………………………………………

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study:…………………………….

1.2 Statement of the Problem:……………………………

1.3 Objective of the study:………………………………..

1.4 Significance of the study:……………………………

1.5 Research question:……………………………………

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the study:……………….

1.7 Definition of terms:…………………………………..

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Introduction:………………………………………….

2.2 Historical Development of Government Accounting:

2.3 Financial Information:……………………………………

2.4 Sources of cash and Recording Media:………….

2.5 Nature and purpose of Government Accounting:..

2.6 Fund Accounting classification:…………………

2.7 Basis of Accounting:………………………………….

2.8 Depreciation:……………………………………………

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN

3.1 Research design ………………………………………..

3.2 Sources of data ………………………………………….

3.3 Population of the study ………………………………..

3.4 Determination of sample size and techniques…….

3.5 Method of data collection ……………………………..

3.6 Procedure of data analysis ……………………………

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1 Section A (Personal Data)……………………………..

4.2 Section B (Cash)…………………………………………

4.3 Section C (Cheque)………………………………………

4.4 Section D (Stocks/Supplies) ………………………….

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION

AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of findings …………………………………………..

5.2 Conclusion ……………………………………………………….

5.3 Recommendation ………………………………………………

References

Bibliography

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

History has it that the concept of accountability of public funds dates backs to the history of ancient Greece. As old as theory is, it would not be erroneous to say that the idea has been equally lost to antiquity although not much is known about it, this makes the subject, government accounting to remain a myth.

Accounting in the public sector has received such a wide attention from scholars that the field of public sector accounting scans to be neglected.

However, there is general awareness all over the world of the need to pay greater attention to the development of government accounting and financial control. The reason is obvious, government, in most, if not all nations constitute the largest single business entity in many places, the core of the economy. Government in any society is basically for maintaining law and order. With changes and the complete nature of the society, government responsibility has automatically changed from the role of maintaining law and order to business like nature in the modern era. The enormous activities of government, equally call for enlarged government accounting in order to accommodate the immense task. As a result of this development, the traditional cash procedures of accounting can hardly meet the demands of reasonable accounting for modern government in providing necessary services or information. Therefore, there is need for government accounting to be dynamic in order to accommodate both the fundamental roles and the developments.

Government accounting is the process of recording, analyzing, classifying, summarizing, communicating and interpreting financial information about government in aggregate and in detail, reflecting all transactions involving the receipts, transfer and disposition of government funds and property. The purpose are to demonstrate the propriety of transactions and their conformity with established rules to give evidence of accountability for the stewardship of government resources and to provide useful information for the good control and efficient management of government operation.

Financial management in the public services as can be observed has failed to encourage and promote the efficient utilization of public funds or serve as effective basis for planning and decision making as well as to ensure proper accountability. Besides, it does not mean that financial irregularities being detected in public sector at large is basically based on traditional cash procedure of accounting but it does arouse a question whether the modern system of accounting will make both modern management and financial management viable.

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To place an order for the Complete Project Material, pay N5,000 to

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Account No – 0044157183

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