Indiscipline Among Secondary School Students In Enugu South Local Government Area Of Enugu State – The Causes

Indiscipline Among Secondary School Students In Enugu South Local Government Area Of Enugu State – The Causes

Indiscipline Among Secondary School Students In Enugu South Local Government Area Of Enugu State – The Causes

Bandura and Allinstimita (1969) discipline is a state of order maintained by training and control a particular system of regulation for conduct, instruction and exercise Designed to train, to proper conduct or action, systematic training inflicted by way of correction and training.

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Akinboye (1980) Discipline is also the training of moral character to produce self control and habit of obedience. It is essential in every organized community. Discipline has no right to question authority of the teacher. He must obey and try to understand the object.

Adesina (1990) Discipline has been observed as the readiness or ability to respect authority and observe conventional or established laws of the society or of any other organization. He later said that discipline implies self control, restrain, respect for self and respect for others.

ALu,Eya, Odo, Ede, and Ugwu (2001) say it is the influence exerted by society on the students, it is required for them to obey certain values and regulation, and behave in certain ways according to the norms and values of the society.

Akubue (1991) say that a good servant makes a good master, only he who knows how to obey will know how to command. Discipline implies subjection or subordination of ones own will to external authority. The habit of implicate homage to power has a natural tendency to convert one into a mere machine. He said also that discipline enforced in schools and colleges, it intended to encourage or foster habit of self discipline.

Alexander (1945) said that discipline is heavens first “law” this is also the first law in any school. Life is a preparatory stage for future well being and the much that is required there carries one through life. If one is ill-bed during his delicate stage, it will be realized that one ends up as a threat to the community. This paper is concerned mainly with the meanings given above because, discipline is very

important feature by which the quality of a school is judged. When a school lacks discipline, many facets of school activities are adversely affected, infact a school that has a poor discipline is likely also to have a poor public image, a poor fore, low morals among staff, frequent Quarrels and antisocial acts among student, poor performance in sports and also affect their performances in examination.

Ikedife (1987) state that discipline in any organizational set up has been recognized by many eminent professionals as a most dependable parameter for the measurement of the operational success of the system. Good behaviour is in fact the life blood of any system but the behaviour of these students range from trivial to the terrifying and from casual to the criminal. These days you see students and pupil smoking, stealing, dressing carelessly, insulting people and fighting one another.

Statement of the Problems

Experience has shown that there are many acts of indiscipline in schools. Parents worry about it, our government complain bitterly and teachers raise a great alarm and cry about this painful situation.

When confronted by student disciplinary problems it is advisable to diagonise the causes objectively try to find a satisfactory solution like investigating the role of schools counselors, parents and the government in solving the problems and then help the student achieve self discipline.

These major problems among others motivated the researcher to investigate some possible causes of indiscipline in our secondary schools with the hope of finding possible solutions.

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of the study is to find out the causes of indiscipline among secondary school students, in Enugu South L.G.A of Enugu State.

The study will determine:

1. Whether family background causes student indiscipline in secondary school.

2. If poor organizational structure causes indiscipline among secondary school students.

3. Whether peer group causes indiscipline among students in secondary schools.

4. Does poor teacher-student relationship causes indiscipline among student in secondary schools.

Significance of the Study

The study is significant to the students, teachers, principals, parents and the society at large.

The study will enable the, principal to be aware of the causes of indiscipline among secondary school student and this will help to find strategies which they will implement in the school in order to reduce the high rate of indiscipline in their various schools.

The out come of this study will enrich the teachers arsenal of knowledge, in that it will enable the teacher to identify the various problems of students and the study will place the teachers at a good position to find out the best remedy in handling in disciplined student in the school.

With this study parents should be aware that they should train their children at home so that they can be good mannad and behave well in school. Hence there is a saying that says that “charity begins at home”.

Scope of the Study

The scope covers the causes of indiscipline among secondary schools students in Enugu South L.G.A. of Enugu State. Interms of scope and content, the study investigates family background, poor organizational structure, peer group, poor teachers-student relationship as the causes of indiscipline among secondary schools students.

Research Questions

This study was guided by the following research questions.

1. How does family background causes students indiscipline among secondary school students.

2. How does poor organizational structure causes indiscipline in secondary school.

3. How does peer group causes indiscipline among secondary school students

4. How does poor teachers-student relationship caused indiscipline in secondary schools.

LITERATURE REVIEW

In this chapter, works and studies carried out by scholars in the area of discipline have been reviewed.

The review was organized under the following headings.

 The meaning and nature of discipline and indiscipline.

 Family background

 Poor organizational structure

 Peer group

 Poor teachers-student relationship

 Summary of literature review

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The Meaning and Nature of Discipline

According to Jonathan Crowther (1968) Discipline is seen as a set of rules for conduct method by which training may be given. In essence, discipline is the conformity with laid down rules, procedures, values and patterns of acceptable behaviour within any specified context. This element of conformity with the required standard is a necessary element of system persistence and orderly change. The point is that no system can survive as an on going concern if there are no laid down rules of conduct and if there are no minimal standards beyond which deviation will not be tolerated. Discipline is thus contextual. Each organization be it political system, the educational system, the employing organization and name it, possesses understanding or its order and the standard required to maintain and ensure it.

This is the basis of indiscipline and it is a necessary aspect of the attainment of the goals of any of the units mentioned above especially the educational system.

According to Ezeilo, (1978) Indiscipline is when there is a total break of law and order. It is also a partial deviation from acceptable patterns of behaviour within any specified social unit. The problem of indiscipline has in recent times became a national concern indiscipline manifest itself in several spares of both school and society.

Akubue (1991) States that the situation of indiscipline in school has generated a lot of concern with no positive action to arrest the situation. Indiscipline in school also include such unwanted and retrogressive acts like sexual abuse, smoking drug abuse, drunkness carefuless attitude, rudeness/insubordination, truancy refused to do assignment, cheating and lots of other social vices.

He stated that in recent years students also exhibit different indiscipline behaviour in school ranging from aggressing delinquency, stealing, truancy, laziness, temper tantrum, bulling, fighting, lying etc. it will be seen that things are no more what they use to be when the school were in the hand of different voluntary agencies and adequate disciplinary measure were taken against any act of indiscipline and misbehavior among children and their teachers.

Ezilo (1978) says that after the Nigeria civil war, the reverse was the case. There were many changes in our school system. For stance, some states took over schools from their owners in 1970 in bid to rehabilitate them as a result of the damages to them during the war. On this account children from different social background mixed up in school and emphasis on moral behaviour which was prevalent before the civil war started degenerating at alarming rate. He said that many homes contributed to students indiscipline, for example, in the home where parent fight each other, there is very tendency that the child from that family will be wild and here by constituting nuisance in the school.

Causes Of Indiscipline

Kohlberg (1968) The student in our secondary school were not born with problems of indiscipline. They did not inherit it from or any body, it is not genetic. Everybody is born pure without spot or rinkles. The children became hard when they started to socialize with their peer group. Homes and the environment of the school may also influence them.

The system of our education centred on the child and what the child will become in the community. So the home, the school and the community must join hands and interact with the child in such a manner that they should inculcate discipline in children.

Akubue (1991) say that the parents, the schools and the society in general have question to answer to the indiscipline behaviour of our secondary school students. He state that some disciplinary problem in school are sometimes a projection of what began at home. Many parents hardly stay at home. They prefer running around in pursuit of money than sitting down at home and bring up their children in a correct manner. Parents have questions to answer mainly in the behaviour of their children.

Durajaiye (1978) observed that, the attitude of our students to discipline and authority will however depend upon how they have been discipline by authorities of the past. In order words a child can be discipline by the parents adults in the family before teacher and other authorities put their hand in discipline the child.

Alu et al (2001) states many causes of indiscipline in our school today, they said that the school rules and regulations has a great impact on the behaviour of the child. That the formation of a set of school rules and regulations to guide the students in what they are expected to do and what not to do is very important. Some school don’t make rules that is guiding their school and this lack of rules result to students misconduct. A school is suppose to have a rule that will be guiding them especially on dressing, truancy, handling school properties etc and it will be made available and clearly explain for strict obedience.

They further said that the teachers and the school administrators is contributing in the case of indiscipline in our school. He said that they should be well trained and devoted be disciplined and hand working in order to present appropriate model to student. The teachers should be academically competent in their subject areas and must be morally sound. Incompetent teacher tend to have more disciplinary problems with their students and such teacher find it difficult to manage the class during lessons.

Ezeilo (1993) sees the following as the causes of indiscipline in school, poor family upbringing, lack of facilities, drug abuse, alcohol, money to students, peer group jealousy, greedy, poor spirit bases.

Unachukwu and Nwankwo (1995) sees causes of indiscipline as the following peer group, teachers, school environment, home punishment few of the following will be explained: peer group, home, teacher school environment and punishment.

Peer group is one of the agents of socialization. A growing child like the students looks how he or she should behave. Full force of group opinion pressure are usually brought by most adolescents who are unchined to think that ones personal vies should be subordinate to those of the groups.

Naturally students in the secondary school are drawn by two main drivers know as affiliation and dominance. Affiliation is explained as the search for personal relationship and subject patterns of intimacy while dominance is seen as effort to control the thoughts, attitudes and behaviour of others in an attempt to gain recognition, admiration and prestige (Nwankwo, 1995).

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Unachukwu (1995) The group to which a student belongs exercise a potent influence on his behaviours. The influence can be positive or aims of groups are social or anti-social. The peer group pressure is know to force members often into patterns of behaviour which may be against their own best inner judgement. They must adhere to laws of the group no matter how bad. So a good child at home and in the primary school might change to a bad student due to peer influence.

According to Bandura and Kuper (1963) peer models were are effective as adult models. In addition Kohlberg (1963) observed that peer group participation does not contribute to producing a certain value system it generates values conflicts because of role taking in social situation of varying character. When the conflicts exists the dominant members will come out with their behaviours and commands which makes the good one to start doing the good and bad things learnt in the groups students learn most of their ill-behaviours from their peer group.

Kohlberg (1963) The school environment impurges on student indiscipline. The school is not regarded as a place where students enjoy not only learning but also living-when the school shows little or no concern about the came and maintenance of the building, it is likely to promote indiscipline infact the neglect of physical condition can trigger off distruptive classroom indiscipline. For instance, if the walls of the school falls and the school did not rebuild it, the students can sneak in and out through the fallen walls; again if the windows of the classroom is broken the student can go out or come in through the broken windows. Bad environment leads to bad behaviour. According to Akubue (1991) a bad condition class with broken windows invites students to break another and live wild life.

Mills (1989) observed that severity of punishment reduces indiscipline tendencies when seen by others. Both in the individual and other who observed. But Allinstmita (1968) opined that punishment and physical harm that is not consistent causes delinquency.

Some parents, guardians use mere primitive inconsistent and unreasoning standard. The kind of punishment and rewards required in the training of a child which should be consisted important for resistance of indiscipline is the punishment and reward that match the situation or the one that is similar to that on the part of the teachers or parents belong to the type of discipline which belong with physical punishment like flogging, knocking, pulling ears etc capaciate the students. Mills further said that a child who is always met with unsympathetic and autocratic discipline, in which his personality is not respected will probably grow up to despite his own personality and that of others. He will probably bring up his children with the same authocratic attitude because he thinks that it is there only way.

Durajaiye (1978) observed that in our school today the students age range are all adolescents and they are faced with the problems of characteristics of the adolescents such as:

1. Increase intellectual ability.

2. Increase in awareness of the physical strength.

3. Increase emotional capacity

4. Expanded social interest.

All these things causes and affected their behaviour pattern in the school.

Allinstmita (1968) state that another factor that generated indiscipline among students is the use of physical and verbal. He observes that severity of punishment reduces indiscipline tendencies when seen by others. Both in the individual and other who observed. Allinstmita opined that punishment and physical harm that is not consistent causes indiscipline since the school is not regarded as a place where students enjoy not only learning but also living.

Family Background

Some disciplinary problems in our schools today are sometimes a projection or maturation of what began at home. It is in the home that the student should be disciplined and brought up in the right manner.

According to Ahmed (1982), some children from broken marriages are often very harsh, unhappy, insecure, and frustrated due to an unhappy home. They go to the extent of wandering idling, pick pocketing and slop lifting to amuse themselves. He further said that some parents offer alcoholic drinks, cigarettes, hard drugs, to their children or wards, which leads them to fouting, armed rubbery, thuggery, theft, damaging of public property and killing fellow human being.

Eze Ogunike (1985) frequently, some parents are caught in the act of hot arguments in the family which leads to fighting and rampage by throwing of missiles there by destroying their house hold property in the presence of their children.

Fafunwa (1972) Observed that most secret cults activities in schools, smack of armed robbery etc. have remained uneasy to eradicate due to the fact that most culprits are children of highly placed and wealthy citizens. These acts are attributed to the faceable nature of the problems in the fact that parents gives excess stipends to their children. Children of we wealthy parents have allowed themselves to drive on the high ways without licenses or even the learners permit and this had led to accidents in the high ways and consequent loss of lives in such dangerous circumstances. Parents/guidance have been always influenced students behaviour and attitude to life.

Ezeala (1986) confessed that a vice chancellors child was involved looking the university property in one of our universities.

Ede (2001) some influenced parents in our society use their position to thwart disciplinary measures made in our schools especially when they affect their children.

Poor Organizational Structure

Achebe (1963) in his lecture said “apart from being legally in criminating and apart from being an act of professional misconduct on the part of school personnel intimacy between a teacher and student poses rejectable educational administrative and disciplinary problems. Therefore given the changing value system of our society to prologue schooling and adaptation to changing of organizational structure, many adolescents respond to social life in a way that is deviant it is the causes of breaking school rules, examination malpractices, insubordination etc.

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Ozigi (1989) said that the type of training given by teachers to desired. Children of rich families are not punished whenever they misbehave for fear of what their parents would say or do. These are left to drift to such a level that it becomes irrevocable unimportant to call them to order.

Hillock (1995) said that some principal or teachers are so greedy and selfish that they tamper with food meant for students. They try to drive personal gains at any given opportunity without any consideration for the feelings of the student.

Mamiod (1977) Observed that the growing rte of indiscipline in school is due to unqualified teachers. The teacher and the principals should be well trained, devoted, disciplined and hardworking in order to present appropriate model to students.

Ede (2001) some teachers dress very badly to school, some come to school drunk, some sexually haras their students etc. Incompetent teachers tend to have more disciplinary problems with their student and such teacher find it difficult to manage their classes during lessons.

Peer Group

Allubile (1991) The groups to which a child belongs exercise a potent influence on his behaviours. These influence can be positive or negative depending on whether the aims of the groups are social or anti-social. The peer group pressure is known to force members often into patterns of behaviour which may be against their own best inner judgements. They must adhere to laws of the group no matter how bad. So a good child at home might change to a bad student in the school due to peer influence.

According to Bandura and Kuper (1963) peer models were as affective as adult models. In addition Kohlbery (1963) Observes that peer group participation does not contribute to producing a certain value system it generates value conflicts because of role taking in social situation of varying character, when the conflicts exists the dominant members will come out with their behaviour and commands which makes the good one’s to start doing the good and bad things learnt in the group where they belong student learn most of there ill-behaviours or problem behaviour from their peer group.

Unachukwu (1995) full force of group opinion pressure are usually to think that one’s personal views should be subordinate to those of the group.

Poor Teacher-Students Relationship

Ede (2001) The relationship between the teacher and student can deeply affects either for good or for bad, Akuma (2006) The teachers, functions more that an employee of the school board. The teacher is the school parents of their students, both the well behaved and their misbehaved ones. When a teacher relates with his students and he fails to play such a fatherly or motherly role and allows himself to be drifted by indulging in mean lifestyle such as harassing the students, quarreling with the students, throwing abusive words on them, Embarrassing them publicly, and sexually haras the students etc.

Allinstmita (1968) Observed that the growing rate of indiscipline in our school today is because of poor teachers-students relationship.

Ozigi (1989) Said that the type of training given by the teachers to their student leaves much to be desired. Children of rich families are not punished whenever they misbehave for fear of what their parents would d. Horney (1987), Said that when the teacher is sp harsh on the students, they will not be free to meet the teacher whenever they have problems and it can lead them to disciplinary act. Poor student-teacher relationship causes indiscipline among the students.

Summary of Literature Reviewed

Unachukwu and Nwankwo (1995) causes of indiscipline includes peer group, the home, school environments, communities, home punishment etc. Akuma (2006) observed that frustration, inadequate teaching environment and condition differences in teachers and students, family background, poor organizational structure and poor teachers-student relationship all this can cause indiscipline among secondary school students.

Ahmed (1982), The student in our secondary school have been suffering from disciplinary problem because of their family background, some children from broken homes are often very harsh, unhappy, insecured and frustrated. Fafunwa (1972) observed that most secret cults activities in our schools today, smack of armed rubbery and others have remain uneasy to eradicate due to the fact that most culprits are children of highly placed and wealthy citizens. Eze Ogunike (1985) observed that some parents are caught in the act of fighting each other in the presents of their children.

Akubue (1991) states that peer group exercise is a potent influence on the behaviour of a child, that peer group pressure force the members into patterns of life which might be against their own inner best judgments. Bandura and Kuper (1963) student learn most of there ill-behaviours or problems behaviour from their peer group.

Achebe (1963) poor organizational structure has caused much in the behaviour of the young ones. Many adolescents responds to social life in a way that is deviant, it is the causes of breaking school roles, examination malpractices, insubordination etc.

Ozigi (1989) some children from rich family are not punished whenever they disobey the rules due to the fear of their parents an it has become irrevocable unimportant to call them to order.

Lastly, poor student-teacher relationship has influence the students in our secondary school. Akuma (2006) the teacher as the school parent to the student, he have to relate with his student and study them very closely so that he will know when they are having problems or in difficulty. Ede (2001) poor student-teacher relationship leads to the teacher to always harass the students, quarreling with them, throwing abusive words on them, sexually harassing them and embarrassing them publicly. With this attitude towards the students, the students may think that is the best way of living their life because they copy from the model before them.

Indiscipline Among Secondary School Students In Enugu South Local Government Area Of Enugu State – The Causes

 

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