Indiscipline – Problems Encountered By Principals In Secondary Schools

Indiscipline – Problems Encountered By Principals In Secondary Schools

Indiscipline – Problems Encountered By Principals In Secondary Schools

Indiscipline is a great problem facing effectiveness of work in the public and private sectors and in schools system in particular.

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It has generated bribery, corruption, nepotism, hooliganism, absenteeism in the wider society in general and truancy, wanton destruction of property, cheating, examination mal-practices in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government area.

However, indiscipline means the absence of discipline. Thus where indiscipline reigns, disciplines is lacking. The stability and continued existence in that society are in dangers, discipline instead, life and property become insecure, and the continued existence of the society becomes precarious.

According to Edem (1982), he stated that indiscipline as a violation of school rules and regulations is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the schools system and should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in case of obvious violation of the order.

Dittiniya (1996), said that indiscipline could be regarded as any act that does not conform with the societal values and norms. Indiscipline takes many forms and shapes depending on how it is being carried out in its assorted forms. Indiscipline is also a distinctive and undeserving element to progress, training or mode of life in accordance with rules. Consequently, lack of indiscipline relate to misbehavior in any from. Indiscipline act is that situation where students set aside the school rules and regulations and do what they like and leave undone what they are expected to do. Indiscipline is any act that is inconsistent with the set-down rules and regulations governing a learning situation.

Meanwhile, indiscipline is as old as creation. It was responsible for the ejection of the first parent Adam and Eve, from the garden of Eden, out of disobedience and extreme curriousity to be like their creator, they tested the forbidden fruit.

Therefore, indiscipline in secondary schools is also one of the major problem facing our society today. Indiscipline in schools has for some time now attracted the attention of the media and the general public. Schools which are fundamentally expected to assist in building up people for the good of the society are now regarded by some people as breading ground for indiscipline.

Again, according to Nwogwugwu (1989) in post primary schools, there are fewer riots and violent demonstration but indiscipline rears its ugly head principally in the bullying of juniors by seniors, or leaving the hostile without permission, leaving schools before the closing date for vacation, in retiring to the dormitory or hide out during classes and the destruction of school property, in lateness to school and truancy, in loitering during classes, in examination mal-practices and falsification of results.

Finally, it could be seen that nearly all, if not all the secondary schools in Ikwo South Local government area, principals of secondary schools appears to be confronted with the problems of indiscipline.

 

Statement of the Problem.

Indiscipline in schools is a great threat as to the life of the society. It has been repeatedly said that the children of today are the leaders of tomorrow. These points suggest to the regular study of the behaviour that they do not drift out of the path approved by the society of which they part and the future hope.

This project is addressed to the problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area such as: it promote examination malpractices, destruction of school property. Any society, organization or institution needs an orderly and lawful life-style, disciplined life for continued its and peaceful existence, prosperity and stability.

Problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo South Local Government Area are as follows: It provide examination malpractices, destruction of school property, lateness to school by staff and students, low performance of students and riots.

Often during students’ unrests, students damage school property and those of the teachers, principals and on his staff. A situation where such exist, a very serious problem is in those secondary schools in Ikwo Local Government Area.

 

Purpose of the Study.

The purpose of the study is to

To investigate on the problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area.

Investigate the problem of indiscipline exhibited by the school staff.

Investigate the students opinion on problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary school in Ikwo south local government Area.

To investigate on how the principals of secondary school in Ikwo south local government Area equipped to carryout the job of administration among staff and students.

 

Significance of the Study.

The need for investigating into the secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area can not be over emphasized. Thus, it is well known that the beginning of organized society is the struggle against indiscipline.

Again, this project intend contributing to the existing knowledge on problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in Ikwo south Local government Area. It will enlightens school head on the behavioral pattern of their students, there by helping them to guard against indiscipline problem in secondary schools system.

Moreover, this project will equally enlighten parents on the problem of indiscipline which their children some times involved themselves. It is incompliance with this important fact that the military government declared an era for the fight against indiscipline in Nigeria. Finally, this study will help to maintain the society on the adverse problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary school in Ikwo south local government Area and the need for appropriate action. The recommendation of the researcher may contribute to the efforts at solving the problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in Ikwo south.

 

Scope of the Study.

The work is specifically centered on the problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area.

 

Research Questions.

The following research questions were formulated by the researcher to guide the study.

What are the problems of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area.

What are the problem of indiscipline exhibited by the school staff.

What are the students opinion on problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area.

How do the principals of secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area equipped to carryout the job of administration among staff and students.

 

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter on the review of literature can be reviewed under the following sub-headings:

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Concept of indiscipline

Cause of indiscipline

Problems of indiscipline

Types of indiscipline in secondary school administration.

Ways of handling the problem of disciplinary in the secondary schools.

Summary of literature review.

 

Concept of Indiscipline

Indiscipline according to Peretomode (1995) means unruly behaviour, disobedience and general disorder. It has been noted to be one of the most outstanding factors that has affected adversely the standard of education in the national school system in general and that of Ikwo south in particular.

Meanwhile, Denga (1989) noted that indiscipline among students come out clearly when they beat-up their teachers, flout their school rules, refuses to do their assignment or carryout their assigned duties, cheat in examination, organize and participate in immoral parties or riots either in school or elsewhere. It is a brain behind poor-academic achievement. It has eaten up deep into the fabric of national educational system and that of Ikwo south in particular. It is a social canker worm and its effect is vicious. It equally affects the children from poor home. It is even more rampant among the students authorities and teachers. The list of gross incidence of school administrators indiscipline is inexhaustible.

Moreover, lack of indiscipline according to Annen (1996) relate to misbehaviour in any from. Indiscipline act is that situation where student set aside the schools rules and regulation and do what they like and leave undone what they are expected to do. That indiscipline is any act that is inconsistent with the set down rules and regulations governing a learning situation.

Indiscipline according to Akubue (1991), in a typical classroom, the teacher is likely to encounter insolence, class disruption, failure of students to comply with orders, general apathy, fighting, cheating, damage the school books and property, failure to obey prefects, neglect of class rules, united habit in dress. All these must be cheeked if meaningful teaching and learning will go on. It is against this background that the world discipline has been explained as punishment or enforcing obedience or orderly conduct, or motivating pupils to take responsibilities for their action. Indiscipline according to Obi (1995) means the absence of discipline. This means where indiscipline reigns, discipline is lacking there. The stability and continued existence in that society are in danger, peace instead, life and property becomes insecure, and the very continued existence of the society becomes precarious.

Dittimiya (1996), said that indiscipline could be regarded as an act that does not conform with the societal values and norms. Indiscipline takes many forms and shapes depending on how it is been carried out in its assorted forms. It is also a destructive and undeserving element to progress, training and mode of life in accordance with rules.

Nwogwugwu (1989) in post primary schools, said that there are fewer riots and violent demonstration but-indiscipline rears its ugly head principally in the bully of junior by seniors, or leaving the hostels without permission, in leaving schools before the closing date for vacation in returning to dormitory or hide out during class and in destruction of school property, in lateness to school, truancy, in loitering during classes, in examination. Malpractices and falsification of results. Dittimiya (1996), equally said that indiscipline is quite obvious that it is a disgraceful and unfortunate incident of indiscipline to happen, pretty often nowadays in our institution of learning for instance, a principal of secondary schools could be chased out of his own house with sticks, stones by his own students. This sound pathetic as it is ridiculous. In our secondary schools, rules and regulations are no longer obeyed.

Finally, all these result in the National out cry about the problem of indiscipline encountered by principals in secondary schools in Ikwo south local government Area.

 

Causes of Indiscipline

The causes of indiscipline is numerous and varied that no individual can catalogue them.

Edwin (1974), asserts that most of the disciplinary problems emanates from inadequate home training on the part of the students and that of the teachers contribute by showing bad example and the management of the state education commission has not created a school environment conducive to the required and expected standard of discipline.

Linder and Gunu (1963), stated that many students who misbehave in the school are from indiscipline home. Their behaviour at home shows a reflection of their behaviour at school and more also, many parents failed to show good examples to their children. However, according to Alu, Eya Oda Edo, and Ugwu (2001) equally stated that some disciplinary problems in our schools are sometimes a projection or maturation of what began at home of our students. It is in the home that the students should be disciplined and brought up in the right manner and therefore the parent should contribute by encouraging discipline in the home. Many parents hardly stay at home. They prefer running around in pursuit of money to sitting down and bringing up their children in the correct manner. What these wealthy parents do is to make up for their lack of care is that they give out huge sum of money to their children who from special class of indiscipline student always indulge in examination malpractice.

Also according to Akubue (1991), which also takes on the attitudes learned from associates affects the children behaviour. These associates can be child’s family, neighborhood and community. Parental love is a powerful determinant of behaviour, children rejected by their parents or those from broken house are much more likely to have behavioural problem than those reared in warm loving environment.

On the other hand, over protection can have its own negative impacts in subsequence of class behaviour. Another important consequences of the poor emotional background of many children is that they are likely to compete for the teachers attention in terms of thoughtfulness, consideration concerned and protection against the feelings frustration experienced at home.

Again, another cause of indiscipline in schools according to Fafunwa (1977) includes such factors as in effective teaching and learning. Many students become mischievous in the classroom because the class bores them. Boredom which causes people top misbehave, may be as a result of the teacher’s method of teaching. When the children tend to become bored and restive, they may indulge in mischief as a means of showing their displeasure.

Eresimadu (1974), in his studies of factors of students unrest traced the causes of indiscipline to poor feeding of the students, lack of communication between the students and the principals and the students home background. This equally shows that some students were brought up in some indiscipline home to drink alcohol, smoke tobacco and to look at in subordination as a mark of bravery.

Moreover, Ekero (1988), stated that harsh schools rules and regulations can also bring about frustration and tension in students since they look at the rules and regulations as sources of frustrations for some students since they look at the rules and regulations as obstacle. Effective and purposeful learning requires mental and sacrifices, but in practice, almost every pupils resist these to some degree.

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Consequently Wragg (1984), states that one of the causes of indiscipline in schools is that there is lack of sufficient time for recruitment. This means that the students will become dormant if the schools administration did not create time for them (the students) to exercise themselves because as a usual saying that all work without play make Jack a dull boy. However Fafunwa (1990) is also of the view that what led to indiscipline among people is lack of greed. Some people have made themselves god above mismanagement of government researches in both human and materials. It is greed that would enhance the keeping of stolen national fund in another man’s country for safe keeping without having any fear of God the creator. Indiscipline is a critic of the soul, lack otherwise known as poverty, sometimes causes indiscipline.

A social scientist Laurel (1978) was of the view that the relationship between parents and teachers deeply affect students’ behaviour in the schools for good or for bad. If children in school can see the co-operative interest of parents and teachers in their schools, they will realize that their home lives are dependent upon each other and the knowledge of this communication will motivate them to learn and be disciplined. But when parents and teachers are in immunity, the effect on the children behaviour in the school can be devastating because his sense of security is threatened. Under this situation, the child may be unable to concentrate on his school work. If children are made to belive by their parents that will not be motioned to act properly or do their work. Students may come into the classroom equipped with a verity of physical, mental, social and even problems which are capable of creating indiscipline in the classroom. Records from classroom experience shows that indiscipline have come from the physical handicapped, slow learners, fast learners, defect in hearing and vision, malnutrition, poor health, presence or absence of fatigue, endocrine difference and skin diseases.

Orie (1954: ), wrote on lawless of indiscipline in schools that “some affluent parents pamper their children in such a way that they become ill-mannered and this they bring to the school”. When these pampered children are punished for misbehaviour, their rich parents use their financial weight to punish their teachers in one way or the other. The result is that the teacher overlooks some of the ill behaviour of these children in order not to be thrown out of their profession and thus indiscipline continue to lay its ugly head. It is disheartening to note that causes of indiscipline arise from the encouragement given by parents to student to disobey a particular school rules and regulations. For instance a mother may persistently plait the hair of her teenage daughter in spite of the school rules that girls should trim their hairs or the girls and the parents may prefer an afro-blow up style or permed hair whereas the school regulation stipulates a law hair trim or simple plait hair. Such cases are different because the students is backed up by their parents to commit such offence.

The principals conference July (1977), identified certain factors that contribute to the cases of indiscipline in school. These factors are inadequate facilities and equipment, authoritarian method of administration, insufficient moral and religious institutions, inadequate proper communication among principals, staff and students, lack of security and devotion to duty and poor attitude to learning are other causes of indiscipline in schools.

Finally, there are at least other dozen identifiable causes of indiscipline in our society and schools. Some of these have been diagnosed as nepotism, racism, tribalism, and favouritism bribery and corruption victimization, dishonesty influence peddling, fear, timidity, ridiculousness, spending conspicuous consumption of alcohol and drug abuse. Many administrators, law enforcement agency and student fail woe fully in their appointed task because of one or a combination of these vices. And there is no doubt that indiscipline is activity encouraged by what could be called bottom power in society.

Problems of Indiscipline

The purpose of curbing problem of indiscipline in the school context is to produce a breed of well cultured boys and girls who will develop not only respect for themselves and society at large but also respect for school authorities and school regulations.

Indiscipline in school according to Dittimiya (1982) will affects the development of human resources needed for social and economic trans formation of the society. According to him, indiscipline is a destructive and undeserving element of progress, training or mode of life. It is a serious impediment to national development. It also allows both students, teachers and parents the choice of education, examination and public morality. It does not encourage development but retard progress. Socially, Peretomode (1995) noted that indiscipline affects our personality. It does not make us to be responsible in the way we dress, interact and even speak to our elders.

Economically, Peretomode (1995), equally noted that indiscipline as well affects our productivity. It also serves as a bridge to the development of human resources regard for our national development. Indeed, indiscipline in schools is capable of obstructing the smooth and the orderly functioning of the school system and thereby disrupting academic activities.

Eke (1974), asserted that the State Education Commission have progressively stripped head of school of an initiative. As a result, the sense of devotion, decision, resourcefulness, which characterized teaching, have been destroyed completely. From the forgoing statement, it could be seen that the principals do not exercise right of summary decision in certain administrative matter

However, the rates of indiscipline among Ebonyi state students in Ikwo south from 2001 to this present 2006 is quite alarming. Some students roam in the streets when studies are going on in the classrooms. Some students get involved in all sort of indiscipline like stealing, fighting and truancy. This problem has invited a public out cry and attracted several comment from concerned individuals.

Aliozor (1988), said that indiscipline and the institutional level includes disobedience, lack of respect for constituted authorities, violation of school rules and regulations and other types of disorderly acts which makes it difficult for institution or organization is pursue its aims and objectives with out destruction.

Again, examining problems facing schools administration, Anyanwu etal (1979), in their study found that staff absence from school during clean hours contribute immensely to strained relationship between principals and staff. However, these also refer to all form of indiscipline embarked upon by the students outside the classroom but within the school environment some of these problems are allowing visitors into the hostels at odd hours, unduly intimate relationship between students of opposite sex, untidiness of the school compound, staying in the hostel or hideout during classes and manual work, leaving the hostel without permission and indulging in examination malpractices. However, these affects school administration in the sense that it makes the school environment unconducive for studies.

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Alu etal (2001), grouped the disciplinary problems in our schools into two. Such disciplinary problems in the classroom refer to all misconducts of students within the classroom or without the teacher. This misconducts constitute disciplinary problems in the classroom because they interrupt or affect teaching and learning process.

Meanwhile, disciplinary problems outside the classroom according to Ede (2001) refers to all forms of indiscipline embark upon, outside the classroom, but within the school such as indulging in examination malpractices, untidiness of the school compound and leaving the school without permission. These equally affects the schools administration because it makes the school not to be trust worthy by the external examiners and not to be good in out looking. According to Edem (1982) the problem of indiscipline would occur when the food is either too small, poorly prepared, tasteless, monotonous, or is lacking essential ingredients for the normal growth and good health of the students. From the above it could be seen that once the students feels that they are poorly feed, they are bounds to react violently.

 

Types of Indiscipline

Frankly speaking, Peretomode (1995) related indiscipline to all forms of misbehavior within the school system. It could be collective misbehaviour when it reaches the stages of demonstration and violence or an individual misbehaviour when it concern an offence by one person. For the purpose of the study, we could identify the following types of indiscipline commonly found in the school system. Cases of indiscipline relating to student demonstrations either peaceful or violent, this refers to instance of students unrest, that is cases of indiscipline relating to students groups and collective violence protest against school management or teachers collective demonstration resulting in the deliberate destruction of school property.

Thus Peretomod (1991), also stress on the cases of indiscipline relating to breach of school rules and regulation. This refers to cases like lateness to school, absenteeism, wearing non uniform dresses within the school premises.

Dittimiya (1996), also noted the case of indiscipline relating to disrespect of school authorities. Theserefer to such incidence as rudeness to teachers, ambushing of school authorities, using abusing language or words and refusal to recognize the power of senior students.

Peretomode (1992) equally said that, there are many other types of indiscipline which include the followings: drug abuse, delinquency, drunkenness, stealing, truancy, absenteeism and persistent lateness to school and others.

 

Ways of Handling Problem of Indiscipline in Secondary Schools

Peretomode (1995), talks about the issues of handling problem of indiscipline in school which raises the question of how best indiscipline problem will be handled. One may be tempted to believe that one can only achieve effective school administration by exercising strong enforcement of school rules and use of punishment for those who break the rules. The people who belong to this school of thought would welcome an authoritarian types of leadership. They would also admire and support a school administrator who did not tolerate nonsense from any one. Any enforcement based on fear can only produce negative result and will not lead to the development of those trait of character that makes for good citizenship.

Moreover, Peretomode (1995) equally stresses on how to handle problem of indiscipline. He said that school administrator must however, formulate a set of school rules to guide the pupils in what they are expected to do or not to do. One may make the enforcement of school rules easy thereby explaining the reasons for making a rule, particularly if it is one that students do not like. If students are made to understand the reasons behind the rules they are more likely to co-operate in obeying it.

Fafunwa (1980) also said that the school administrator and members of staff should try always to set a good example for the pupils to copy. Learning good manners will also come through the pupil’s participation in social and extra-curricular activities and through formal teaching religious instruction and organized lectures.

Dittimiya (1996), stresses that all members of staff should work purposefully together to teach and inculcate virtues of discipline in and outside the school administration. According to Danga (1989), another measure the school system might use in handling the problems of indiscipline is that of counselling. For the purpose of indiscipline, it would be essential that counselors actually teach student the meaning of self responsibility and respect for constituted authority in human lives. The school counselor can be effective in communication channel between students and parents and between students and school authorities.

 

The impact of Indiscipline in Secondary Schools.

Ozigi, (1980) said that time spent reacting to indiscipline must be balanced with time pro-actively spent on promoting positive behaviour as it might be reasonable to assume that if the promotion of positive behaviour in a school is effective, there will be less time spent on dealing with indiscipline problems, although time spent on both of these is not mutually exclusive many teachers and school administrators might propose that it is possible to spend 100% of time on promoting positive behaviour and still have to deal with indiscipline when it occurs. However, for secondary school administrator, it would be expected that, given the increased indiscipline reported in the 2004 survey, more time would be spent on indiscipline, but it is still the case that more than half of the secondary school administrators spent less than 10% of their time on indiscipline perhaps, because most indiscipline low level and does not require senior management intervention. However, more than half of secondary school administrators also spend less than 10% of their time on promoting positive behaviour.

In 2004 survey, less than half of secondary school administrators felt that they are spending more time on indiscipline problem. In secondary schools more than two-third of teachers (69%) and just half of secondary school administrators (53%) feel they are spending more time on indiscipline than discipline problem.

Edem (1982) stated that indiscipline as a violation of obstructing the smooth and the orderly functioning of the school system and should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in cases of obvious violation of the order.

Indiscipline – Problems Encountered By Principals In Secondary Schools

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