CONNECTING TO DIAL-UP INTERNET ACCOUNTS
This tutorial contains the steps for connecting your computer to a dial up internet account. Most of the sections describe windows 98, but sections at the end of the tutorial contain instructions for connecting windows 3.1, Window 95, Window NT, and Macintosh systems to dial-up accounts.
Elements of Windows 98 Dial-up Networking
To connect to a dial-up internet account with window 98, you use Dial-up Networking and the Dial-up Adapter, which are both built into windows 98. The internet connection wizard can step you through most of the configuration process. This section describes each of the windows components that you use when setting up an internet connection.To place an order for the Complete Project Material, pay N5,000 to
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Dial-up networking programs come with windows 98,95 and NT. You use Dial-up networking to connect to an internet PPP, CSLIP or SLIP account (see chapter 1 for details on these accounts). Dial-up networking uses the Dial-up Adapter to communicate with internet accounts via TCP/IP, the communications protocol used on the internet. You don’t have to use Dial-up Networking to connect to your internet account you can use another compatible communications program, such as Trumpet Winsock, instead but Dial-up Networking works well, and comes with the internet connection wizard to set it up.
Note: Dial-up networking provides only the communication link needed by internet services; you use Winsock-compatible applications to read e-mail, browse the web, and transmit and receive other information on the internet.
To use Dial-up Networking you create a Dial-up Networking connection, a file with all the settings required to connect to an internet account. You can have several Dial up networking connections on one computer. For example, your laptop might have one connection for the local internet service provider (ISP) that you use everyday, and another connection for the national internet provider you use when you travel.
To work with Dial-up Networking – either to create a new connection, connect to the internet, edit the settings for an existing connection, or get rid of a connection – choose start / programs / accessories / communications / dial-up Networking. You see the Dial-up Networking window, shown in figure 2-1 (your window may be configured to look different). You can also see the contents of the Dial-up Networking window by using windows explorer. At the bottom of the folder tree, Dial-up Networking is listed as a subfolder of my computer.
The section “Setting Up a Dial-up Networking Connection Manually” later in this chapter, describes how to create and use Dial-up Networking connections.
The Dial-up Adapter
The Dial-up Adapter is a windows 98 network driver (a program that controls the way windows 98 communicates over a network) that Dial-up networking uses to connect to the internet with a modem or ISDN line. When you use the Dial-Up Adapter with an Internet account, you configure the Dial-up Adapter to communicate via TCP/IP.
To check whether the Dial-up Adapter is already installed on your computer and configured to communicate using TCP/IP, see the section “Installing and configuring the Dial-up Adapter and TCP/IP, later in this chapter.
Internet and modem properties
The window 98 control panel ( displayed by choosing start / settings / control panel) includes two icons that you may need to use when connecting your system to the internet.
· Internet: Displays the internet properties dialog box. Most of the tabs in this dialog box contain settings for internet explorer (microsoft’s web browser), but you can use the connection tab to tell windows 98 to connect to the internet automatically.
· Modems: Displays the modems properties dialog box, which you use when configuring your modem for a dial-up connection. With luck, windows 98 configured your modem automatically when it detected the modem.
The internet connection wizard and the make new connection wizard
The internet connection wizard comes with windows 98 (you can also download it from the Microsoft web site). This wizard can help you to sign up for a new internet account or configure your computer to work with an existing account. The wizard doesn’t always do all the configuration needed to get your windows 98 system on the internet; you may need to do further configuration yourself.
Another wizard, the make new connection wizard, creates a new Dial-up networking connection, without handling the rest of the configuration that the internet connection wizard does.
Later in this chapter “Creating a Dial-up Networking connection using the internet connection wizard” describes how to use the internet connection wizard, and the section, “Making a new Dial-up Networking Connection” explains how to use the make new connection wizard.
Setting up a connection with windows 98
There are at least three ways to sign up for an internet account and configure windows 98 to connect to it:
· Run an automated sign-up program: Windows 98 comes with automated sign-up programs that you can use to sign up with one of several large internet providers (U.S. versions include programs for AT&T WorldNet and Prodigy Internet). These programs may also let you configure your computer for an existing account with the ISP. (see “Signing up with Microsoft’s selected ISPs’ later in this chapter).
· Run the internet connection wizard: the wizard can sign you up for a new account with one of dozens of internet providers who have arranged with Microsoft to be included in the wizard’s list of ISPs (see Creating a Dial-up Networking Connection Using the Internet Connection Wizard,” later in the chapter).
· Contact the ISP of your choice and sign up for an account: The ISP may send you a CD-ROM with a configuration program, or you can create your own Dial-up Networking Connection manually (see “Setting Up a dial-up Networking connection manually later in this chapter).
Each of the preceding three methods leaves you with the same result: an internet account and a Dial up networking connection configured to dial in to that account. All three ways require that your modem work and that windows 98 be configured to use it.
Configuring windows 98 to use your modem
When you install a modem, windows either determines what kind of modem it is or asks you what kind it is. Windows installs a modem driver that includes information about the commands that the modem understands. To view or change your modem configuration settings, choose start / settings/ control panel, and then run the modems program. Click or double click the modems icon, depending on whether your desktop is configured as web style or classic style.
If windows doesn’t know that you have a modem, the install new modem wizard runs; make sure that your modem is on (if it is external) and follow the wizard’s instructions to set the modem. Then, you see the modems properties dialog box, shown in figure 2-2.
Select the modem from the list of installed modems on the modems properties dialog box, and then click the properties button to see another propertieis dialog box. (the exact appearance of this dialog box depends on the modem driver).
If you have trouble getting your modem to connect, here are some things to check:
· Determine whether the right modem driver is installed: look on the general tab of the modems properties dialog box to make sure that the right modem is listed. Remove any drivers for modems that you don’t have installed. If the wrong modem is listed, click Add to run the install New Modem wizard. If your modem doesn’t appear on the wizard’s list of models, choose standard modem types for the manufacturer and choose the modem speed from the list of models.
· Check whether the modem driver is enabled: windows 98 has two versions of the properties dialog box about your modem, and one is more complete. To see a larger array of settings, from the control panel, run the system program to display the system properties dialog box. Click the device manager tab. Click view devices by type and then click the plus box next to the modems entry on the list of devices. Your modem should appear. Click it and then click the properties button. (the properties dialog box that appears contains many more settings than the one you see if you run the modems program in control panel and click the properties button). On the general tab, make sure that the modem isn’t disabled.
· Determine whether the modem is connected to the right port: Display the properties dialog box for the modem, as described in the preceding paragraph. On the modem tab, check the port to which windows says that the modem is connected.
· Check the modem speed: on the modem tab of the properties dialog box for the modem, check the maximum speed setting. Choosing a lower speed solves some connection problems.
You can also use the windows 98 modem troubleshooter to pinpoint the problem. From the control panel, run the modems program, click the diagnostics tab on the modems properties dialog box, and then click help. Follow the instructions in the internet explorer window that appears, answering the questions that the troubleshooter poses.
Tip: if you have an external modem, make sure that the modem is turned on and that the serial cable isn’t loose.
Signing up with microsoft’s selected ISPS
US versions of windows 98 come with automated sign-up programs for three online services (America online, CompuServe, and the Microsoft Network) and two internet service providers (AT&T WorldNet and Prodigy Internet). Non – U.S versions may come with sign-up programs for other ISPs and online services, varying country by country.
AT&T World Net is one of the largest ISPs in the US and is also available in Canada and some other countries. Prodigy Internet is the new incarnation of prodigy, one of the older online services (The old version of Prodigy, renamed Prodigy Classic, still exists, but the sign-up software for it doesn’t come with window 98). AT&T WorldNet and Prodigy internet both give you a standard PPP account to which you can connect by using Dial-up Networking.
Note: You’ll need a credit card so that the online service or ISP can bill you. If you don’t use credit cards, contact your smaller local ISPs and ask if you can open an account and prepay by check.
Running the automated Sign-up Programs
To sign up for one of these ISPs or to set up your computer to use an existing account, with one of these providers, follows these steps:
1. Choose start / programs / online services, and then choose a provider. Or, open the online services folder on your desktop and open the icon for the provider. Click or double-click the icon depending on whether your Windows desktop is configured to use Web style or Classic style.
2. Follow the instructions that the sign-up program displays. During the sign-up process, the provider may display information about your account, including your account name, password, e-mail password, support phone numbers and other information. Write down all the information that you see! You may need it.
3. The process may involve restarting windows, so save any files that you are editing and exit all other programs. When you are done installing AT&T World Net or Prodigy, a new command appears under start / programs.
Caution: before you use your account, find out whether the number that your modem will be dialing to connect to the account is a local call for you. Check your telephone book or call your local phone company to ask. If the access number is long distance from where you are, you should probably cancel the account, because the long-distance charges for using the account will be many times the cost of the account itself. Instead, find a local ISP with a local phone number.
Notes for AT&T WorldNet Users
If you sign up for AT&T WorldNet, the installation program can create a file named account.tct that records all the information about your internet account. If you lose your settings, or if you want to connect to WorldNet from a different computer, you can use this file. The WorldNet setup program suggests that you have a blank, formatted diskette on which to store this file.
To connect to an existing WorldNet account, you need your account name, password e-mail password, and the last eight digits of the credit card number with which you are paying for your account. (Note that capitalization does matter when you type your e-mail password). Or you, need the Account.txt file that WorldNet created when you set up the account.
AT&T WorldNet uses its own AT&T world Net Connection manager to connect to WorldNet, although you can manually configure Dial-up Networking to do the same thing, if you prefer.
Creating a Dial-up Networking Connection Using the Internet Connection Wizard
To create a new Dial-up Networking Connection to an internet provider, you can use the internet connection wizard to create a Dial-up Networking connection. The wizard can help you to sign up for a new internet account or configure your computer to work with an existing account.
You can start the wizard by choosing start / programs/ internet explorer/ connection wizard. The internet connection wizard gives you three choices:
· Sign up for a new internet account and configure Dial-up Networking to connect to it.
· Configure Dial-up networking to connect to an existing account.
· Do nothing and don’t run this wizard in the future.
Note: if you want to create a new Dial-up networking connection without any help from a wizard, run the make new connection wizard instead (see “Setting up a Dial-up networking connection manually, “later in this chapter, for directions).
Creating a new account using the wizard
If you choose to set up a new account by using the internet connection wizard, the wizard asks you for your phone number and then (if you are in the US). Connects to the microsot internet referral server, using a toll-free number. After a delay, you see a window that lists its suggested ISPs. You can read about each ISP by clicking the document icon to the right of its name, or you can decide to sign up with a provider by clicking the check mark to the right of its name. the sign-up procedure varies by provider.
Caution: microsoft’s list of providers doesn’t include local providers, only a few of the large national ones. Infact, Microsoft may choose to make a deal with one or two big ISPs and recommend only those ISPs to everyone. The providers listed don’t necessarily have local numbers in your area, even though you told Microsoft your area code and exchange. Before you choose an ISP, look for ads in the business section of your local newspaper to see what local providers are available. A small local ISP may give you better service and support than a large ISP and probably has a better selection of local numbers.
If you choose to create a new account by using one of the providers that Microsoft lists, the wizard asks you to provide information about yourself, including a credit card to which you want to charge your account. During the sign-up, be sure to write down all the information that the sign-up program displays, including technical support phone numbers, account numbers, and passwords.
Creating a connection to an existing account using the wizard
If you choose to create a connection to an existing account, the internet connection wizard asks you to enter the following information about your internet account:
· Whether your connection is via a local area network or a phone line
· Whether to use an existing Dial-up Networking connection or create a new one
· The phone number that you dial to connect to the account
· The user name and password for the account
· The name that you want to use for the connection (this name appears under the Dial-up Networking icon that the wizard creates).
· Whether you want to set up Microsoft Outlook Express to handle e-mail for this account. The wizard can create a new mail account on your computer, into which mail from your internet account is downloaded. (Outlook Express can handle mail from multiple accounts). If you choose to configure outlook express to get your mail, you need to provide your e-mail address, you account name (if it is different from your e-mail address), which type of mail server your account provides (usually either a POP3 or IMAP server), the name of your ISP’s POP server (which handles incoming mail), the name of your ISP’s SMTP server (which handles outgoing mail), and your e-mail password (usually the same as your account password). See chapter 5 and 6 for information about e-mail and outlook express.
· Whether you want to set up Outlook express to enable you to read Usenet newsgroups. If you do, you must provide the e-mail address that you want included in your newsgroup postings, and the name of your ISP’s NNTP server (which handles newsgroup postings). See chapter 1 for information about usenet newsgroups.
· Whether you want to set up a “white pages” directory service (LDAP, or lightweight Directory Assistance Protocol) for this account. Some accounts include an LDAP server that acts as a centralized directory of names and e-mail addresses. If your account provider hasn’t told you about an LDAP server, answer No to this question.
When the wizard is done running, it creates a Dial-Up Networking connection (with an icon in the Dial-up Networking window) and configures Outlook Express for the account.
Note: when you installed windows 98, you may not have installed all the program files that the inter net connection wizard needs. If not, the wizard prompts you to insert your windows 98 CD-ROM or diskettes so that it can load the program files that it needs. It may also require that you restart windows before it can proceed.
Setting up a Dial-up Networking Connection Manually
You don’t have to use the internet connection wizard to create a Dial-up Networking connection and configure your windows 98 system to use it. You can install and configure a Dial-up Networking connection yourself. Knowing how to do this is helpful, because the internet connection wizard can’t create every connection that you might need, and occasionally you’ll want create every connection that you might need and occasionally you’ll want to change the details of an account that the wizard set up. The wizard doesn’t know how to create a connection for most small ISPs for example.
Before you make a new Dial-Up Networking connection, you need to make sure that the Dial-up Adapter is installed and configured to work with TCP/IP.
Installing and configuring the Dial-up Adapter and TCP/IP
The dial-up Adapter and TCP/IP may not have been installed when you installed windows 98. If you know that they have been installed on your computer, skip ahead to “making a new Dial-up Networking Connection”.
DISPLAYING YOUR NETWORK ADAPTERS AND PROTOCOLS
To check whether the Dial-up Adapter and TCP/IP are installed, choose start / settings / control panel and then run the network program to display the network dialog box, shown in figure 2-3. Click the configuration tab, if it is not already selected. If networking has been installed, you can also right-click the Network Neighborhood icon on the desktop and select properties from the shortcut menu that appears.
Check whether the list of network components includes the following items (you may need to scroll down to see them):
· Dial-up Adapter
· TCP/IP – Dial-Up Adapter
This second item indicates that the Dial-Up Adapter is configured to communicate using TCP/IP. (The Dial-up Adapter can also work with other network protocols, such as NetBeUI and IPX/SPX, if your computer connects by phone to a local area network, or LAN).
INSTALLING THE DIAL-UP ADAPTER
If the Dial-up Adapter doesn’t appear on your list, follow these steps:
1. In the network dialog box, click the Add button. You see the select network component type dialog box, shown next, which lists the types of network software that you might need to install.
2. Select adapter, and then click Add again. Windows builds a database of the network drivers of that type, which may take a minute. Next, you see the select network Adapters dialog box, shown in figure 2-4.
3. In the list of manufacturers on the left side of the dialog box, scroll down to find Microsoft and click it. The list of Microsoft’s network adapters appears in the box on the right side of the dialog box.
4. Click Dial-up Adapter in the right box and then click OK. Click OK again to close the network properties dialog box.
Now the Dial-up Adapter appears in the list of installed network components in the network dialog box.
If the TCP/IP – Dial-Up Adapter entry doesn’t appear on your list, follow this steps
1. In the network dialog box, click the Add button. You see the select network component type dialog box (shown in the previous section).
2. Select protocol and then click Add again. You see the select network protocol dialog box, shown in figure 2-5.
3. In the list of manufactures on the left side of the dialog box, scroll down to find Microsoft and click it. The list of Microsoft’s network protocols appears in the box on the right side of the dialog box.
4. Click TCP/IP in the right box and then click OK to install the protocol and return to the Network dialog box.
TCP/IP – Dial-up adapter now appears on the list installed network components, enabling you to use the Dial-Up Adapter with TCP/IP to communicate with the internet. Click OK to close the network dialog box. Windows prompts you to restart windows so that the new network settings take effect.
Don’t configure your dial-up adapter
The Dial-Up Adapter has many settings that control how it connects to other computers. You can configure these TCP/IP settings by using the properties button on the network dialog box, but its better not to. Instead, configure each of your Dial-Up Networking connections with the appropriate settings for the account to which it connects.
Note: if you are not connected to any network other than an internet account, you can delete all the protocols except TCP/IP. To delete NetBEUI and IPX/SPX, select the entries for tem from the list of components in the network dialog box and click remove.
Making a New dial-up networking connection
To make a new dial-up networking connection, choose start / programs / accessories / communications / dial-up networking to see the dial-up networking window (refer to figure 2-1). Run the make new connection icon.
The make new connection wizard asks what you want to call the connection and what phone number to dial to connect to the account. Next, the wizard creates a new icon in your Dial-up networking window. Unless you are dialing in to an ISP with the very latest autoconfiguration systems, you probably still need to configure some settings; see the next section for how to enter the rest of the settings yourself.
Changing the settings for a dial-up networking connection
To configure a dial-up networking connection or to change an existing connections configuration, right click the icon for the connection in the dial-up networking window and then choose properties from the menu that appears. Alternatively, select the connection icon and choose file / properties from the dial-up networking menu bar. Either way, you see the properties dialog box for the dial-up networking connection (see figure 2-6); the name of the dialog box depends on the name that you gave the connection. Table 2-1 lists the properties for a dial-up networking connection. (if you click the configure button on the general tab of the properties dialog box for the connection, and then click the options tab, additional internet-related settings appear.
Tab in properties window
Specifies the phone number that your computer dials to connect to the account. Composed of the area code, telephone number, and country code (you choose from a list of countries.
Specifies which modem to use to connect. Click the configure button by this setting to check or change the configuration of the modem
Type of dial-up server
Specifies the type of account; all ISPs provide PPP. Choice of SLIP, CSLIP, PPP (three standard types of accounts available from ISPs) NRN (Netware connect for Netware-based LANs), or windows for workgroups and windows NT 3.1 (for windows-based LANs).
Log On to Network
Tells dial-up networking to log on to the account by using your windows 98 user name and password. Usually not selected for internet accounts.
Enable software compression
Compresses information sent between this computer and the account; your internet account must also support compression (PPP and CSLIP account do).
Require encrypted password
Encrypts your password before sending it to your internet account when logging on.your internet account must support password encryption (most don’t)
Require data encryption
Encrypts all data to and from this connection. Your internet account must support encryption (most don’t)
Record a log file for this connection
Saves all the information sent to and from this connection in a file.
Allowed network protocols
Specifies how to communicate over the network. You can select any of these: NetBEUI, IPX/SPX and TCP/IP. Select TCP/IP for internet accounts and deselect NetBBEUI and IPX/SPX unless your computer is connected to a LAN. To set options for TCP/IP accounts, click the TCP/IP settings button (see table 2).
Specifies the name of the file containing the logon script for this connection. Click edit to edit a script file, or click browse to select an existing file. See “creating and using logon scripts” later in this chapter.
Step through script
Runs the logon script for this connection
Start terminal screen minimized
Minimizes the terminal window that shows the interaction between the Dial-up networking connection and the account while the logon script is running. During debugging, deselect this setting so that you can see the terminal window.
Do not use additional devices
Specifies that this connection uses only one device (usually a modem) to connect
Use additional devices
Specifies that this connection uses more than one device to connect (for example, two modems). The large box below this setting lists the additional devices used by this connection, and the add, remove, and edit buttons, respectively, let you add, delete, or change devices on the list. See “creating a multilink connection with window 98”, later in this chapter.
Bring up terminal window before dialing
Displays a terminal window, before dialing, that you can use to type modem commands and see the results. (Refer to your modem’s manual for the commands that it understands).
Bring up terminal window after dialing
Displays a terminal window, after dialing, that you can use to type commands and see the results.
Operator assisted or manual dial
Prompts you to dial the phone manually, for situations in which you need to speak to an operator. When you are connected, click the connect button and hang up your phone.
Wait for credit card tone; seconds
Specifies the number of seconds to wait for a tone when you are using a telephone credit card.
Displays modem status
Displays a status window indicating the progress of your phone connection.
Table 2-1. settings for a dial-up networking connection
For most dial-up internet accounts, you can leave alone almost all of these settings. Just check theh phone number and modem on the general tab, and the type of connection and network protocols on the server types tab.
Tip: if you don’t expect to connect to a particular account in the future, delete its connection from the Dial-up networking by selecting the icon for the connection and pressing the DEL key. Be sure to delete any shortcuts to the connection, too.
Configuring TCP/IP settings for an internet account
For an internet account, you may also need to configure the TCP/IP protocol. On the properties dialog box for the connection, click the server types tab, select TCP/IP as an allowed network protocol, and then click the TCP/IP settings button. You see the TCP/IP settings dialog box, shown in figure 2-7. Table 2-2 shows the settings on this dialog box. Contact your ISP for the settings and addresses to enter.
Most ISPs now use server assigned IP addresses, which means that when you connect the ISP assigns your computer an IP address for that session (see chapter 1 for an explanation of IP addresses and the DNS system). When you disconnect, the ISP is free to assign that IP address to the next user who connects. Few ISPs have enough IP addresses assigned to theme permanently assign one to each user. As a result, you can probably leave the server assigned IP address setting selected on the TCP/IP settings dialog box.
Server assigned IP address
Specifies that your ISP assigns an IP address to your computer when you log on (most ISP accounts do this).
Specify an IP address
Indicates that your computer has a permanently assigned IP address, which you specify in the IP address setting
Specifies your permanently assigned IP address.
Server assigned name server addresses
Specifies that your ISP assigns domain name servers to your computer when you log on (most ISP account do this).
Specify name server addresses
Indicates that you have entered primary and secondary domain name server IP addresses in the next two settings
Specifies the IP address of your ISPs domain name server
Specifies the IP address of another domain name server that your account can use when the primary DNS does not respond.
Specifies the IP address of your organization’s WINS (Microsoft’s windows internet naming service) server. For dial up accounts, leave this blank.
Specifies the IP address of another WINS server that your account can use when the primary WINS server does not respond.
Use IP Header Compression
Specifies that packet headers should be compressed for faster transmission (the default is on).
Use default gateway on remote network
Specifies how IP packets to the rest of the internet are routed (leave on, unless your ISP tells you to change it).
Table 2-2 TCP/IP settings
Most ISPs also now use server-assigned name server addresses, so that whey you connect, the ISP informs Dial-up networking of the IP addresses to use for your DNS server (described in chapter 1). If your ISP uses such addresses, you can leave the server assigned name server addresses setting selected, too. But if your ISP gave you the IP address of its domain name servers, you need to enter them on the TCP/IP settings dialog box. Select specify name server addresses and enter the IP addresses in the primary DNS and secondary DNS settings.
Some ISPs (not many) also provide WINS (Microsofts windows internet naming service) servers, which provide other name lookups. If your computer is connected to a large corporate system via a LAN or by dialing in, your connection may use WINS to manage network parameters automatically. Your computer contacts the WINS server, either at boot time (if you connect via a LAN) or when you dial up, to get its own configuration information.
Setting additional dial-up networking options
You might think that all the properties of a dial-up networking connection appear on the connection’s properties dialog box (refer to figure 2-6), but they don’t. a few additional settings appear on the internet properties and dial-up settings dialog boxes. The internet properties dialog box has miscellaneous settings, including those that control the default mail, e-mail, and other internet application programs. The Dial-up settings dialog box controls how often Dial-up networking redials if the line is busy, and how long a connection can remain inactive before Dial-up networking hangs up. See “Dialing the internet automatically”, later in this chapter, for directions on how to use the dial-up settings dialog box).
To display the internet properties dialog box, choose start / settings / control panel and run the internet program. Figure 2-8 shows the connection tab of the internet properties dialog box. Most of the settings on the various tabs of this dialog box apply to using the Microsoft internet explorer web browser, and are covered in chapter 20 (another way to display a version of this dialog box is to choose view / internet options from the internet explorer web browser). However, most of the settings on the connection tab control your internet connection; the settings that do are listed in table 2-3.
Connect to the internet using a modem/connect to the internet using a local area network
Specifies whether you connect to the internet via a modem or vi a local area network.
Displays the Dial-up settings dialog box (See table 2-4 for details)
Access the internet using a proxy server
For connections via a LAN or intranet, specifies whether you connect via a proxy server (a server thaht acts as a gatekeeper between your LAN and the rest of the internet). See chapter 4 for details.
For connections via a proxy server, specifies the address of the proxy server
For connections via a proxy server, specifies the port number of the proxy server.
Displays the proxy settings dialog box, in which you specify addresses for use with your proxy server.
For LAN connections that use WINS or some other automated configuration system, displays a dialog box in which you can specify the URL of the configuration information for your internet explorer program
Table 2-3 connection related settings on the internet properties dialog box
The program tab of the internet properties dialog box also contains settings about your internet account. In the messaging section of the dialog box, you can select the e-mail program, newsreader, and video conferencing programs that you see.
Unfortunately, windows lists Microsoft products almost exclusively, so the programs that you use may not appear.
Creating and using logon scripts
Dial-up networking tries to log on to your account automatically. Most accounts follow a standard series of steps: they transmit your user name and your accounts password, and then receive confirmation that you are logged in and that communications can begin.
If your account uses a nonstandard series of commands for logging in, Dial-up networking can’t log in automatically. You can automate logging in by creating a logon script, a text file that contains a small program that tells Dial-up networking what prompts to wait for and what to type in response. For example, if your ISPs computer uses a non standard prompt to ask for your password, or requires you to type a command to begin a PPP session, you can write a script to log on for you.
To use a logon script, follow these steps:
1. Log on manually, making notes about which prompts you see and what yyou must type in response to those prompts. To log in manually, you can use your dial-up networking connection with a terminal window, which allows you to see the session and type commands to your ISP. To tell windows to open a terminal window while connecting, click the configure button on the general tab of the properties dialog box for the connection, which displays the properties dialog box for your modem. Then, click the options tab and select the bring up terminal window after dialing check box. Or, you can use Hyperterminal to connect to your internet provider.
2. Create a logon script by using a text editor, such as notepad. Window 98 comes with a short manual about writing logon scripts, located in the file C:/windows/script.doc.
3. Tell windows 98 about the logon script by typing the filename in the script file name box on the scripting tab of the properties dialog box for the dial-up networking connection (refer or table 2-1).
4. Test the script, editing it with your text editor and viewing the results in a terminal window.
Tip: dial-up networking comes with a set of well-commented sample scripts. Usually, customizing one of the sample scripts is easier than writing your own from scratch.
Creating a multilink connection with windows 98
Multilink enables you to use multiple modems and phone lines (usually two modems and two phone lines) for a single internet connection, to increase the effective connection speed (throughput). For example, you could use two 56Kbps modems together to simulate a 108Kbps connection to the internet. Data flows through both modems and both phone lines for a single connection.
Your ISP must support multilink connections for your to use such a connection, because the ISP’s hardware and software must be able to combine the packets of information from the two phone lines into one internet connection. Multilink connections, where they’re available, usually cost more than a regular dial-up internet account, contact your ISP for details.
When you create a multilink connection, you specify one device usually a modem – on the general tab of the connections properties dialog box. Then, you list the other device(s) – usually one other modem on the multilink tab. Click the use additional devices. To add a device, click the add button, and then in the window that appears, select the name of the device to use (usually a second modem) and the phone number to dial. (The add button doesn’t work unless you have two modems installed on your PC). When you are done, the device name appears in the large box in the multilink tab of the properties dialog box for the connection.
To change the configuration of a device, select it and click the edit button. To remove a device from the list, select it and click remove.
After you set up a multilink connection, it works just like a regular internet connection, but faster.
Connecting and disconnecting with windows 98
After you set yup your dial-up networking connection, connecting and disconnecting is easy.
Connecting to your internet account
To connect to an internet account by using dial-up networking, follow these steps:
1. Choose start / programs / accessories / communications / dial-up networking to display the Dial-up networking window. Then, run the connection icon. If a connection icon appears on your desktop, you can run it instead. You see the connect to dialog box, shown in figure 2-9.
2. Unless you are worried about someone else using your computer to connect to your account, select the save password check box so that you don’t have to type your password each time that you connect. (if you use a terminal window or a script to log on, leave this box blank).
3. Click the connect button. Dial-up networking dials your account, logs in, and starts the type of connection that you set in the type of dial-up server setting in the properties dialog box for the connection. You see a window telling you that you are connected to the account (figure 2-10). In addition, the dial-up networking icon appears in the system tray on the taskbar.
Tip: click the do not show this dialog box in the future check box, so that you don’t have to see this confirmation dialog box each time that you connect to the internet.
While you are connected, the dial-up networking icon appears in the system tray on the taskbar. Move the mouse pointer to it (without clicking) to see how many bytes have been sent and received and to check your connection speed. Double-click the icon to see more details.
Once you are connected, you are ready to run your e-mail program, web browser, or other internet client programs.
Creating shortcuts to your connection
To make starting dial-up networking easier, copy the icon for your connection from the dial-up networking window to your desktop. Right-click the connections icon and choose create shortcut from the menu that appears. Windows asks whether to put the shortcut on your desktop. Click yes.
You may also want to add the connection to your start menu or programs menu (right-click a blank place on the taskbar, choose properties, click the start menu programs tab, and then click and to add a command to your start menu).
If you create a desktop shortcut to your dial-up networking connection, you can also assign it a shortcut key. For example, you can assign the key combination CTRL + ALT + I to connect to the internet. Right click the desktop shortcut and choose properties from the menu that appears. On the properties dialog box for the shortcut, click in the shortcut key box and type a letter (for example I). CTRL + ALT + letter appears in the shortcut key box (for example CTRL + ALT + I). click ok now whenever you press CTRL + ALT + I windows displays dial up networking connection dialog box.
Disconnecting from your account
To disconnect your internet connection, double-click the dial-up networking icon in the system tray. You see the connected dialog box, shown here. Click disconnect.
Another way to hang up is to right click the dial-up networking icon on the system tray and choose disconnect from the menu that appears.
If you are connected to your internet account and don’t use it for a while (usually 20 minutes), windows or your ISP may disconnect you automatically. You may see this dialog box asking whether you’d like to disconnect.
Or, you may see a dialog box saying that you have been disconnected and asking whether you’d like to reconnect. See the next section for instructions on how to configure windows to connect and disconnect automatically.
Dialing the internet automatically
What happens if you are not connected to the internet and you tell your e-mail program to fetch your mail, or ask your web browser to display a web page? Dial-up networking can dial up and connect to your internet account automatically when you request internet-based information.
To set windows to connect automatically, follow these steps:
1. Choose start / settings / control panel and run the internet program click the connection tab on the internet properties dialog box and make sure that the connect to the internet using a modem setting is selected.
2. Click the settings button to display the dial-up settings dialog box, shown in figure 2-11.
3. In the first box, choose the dial-up networking connection that you want to use when connecting automatically to the internet.
4. Set the other options to tell windows how many times to try to make a connection and how long to wait between attempts (if your ISP’s line is busy, for example). Also, type your user name and password. If you want windows to disconnect automatically after a period of inactivity, choose the disconnect if idle for _minutes check box and type the number of minutes
5. Click OK to dismiss the dial-up settings dialog box and then click OK again to dismiss the internet properties dialog box.
Tip: the first time that you run an internet client program such as a browser or e-mail program and you aren’t connected to the internet, windows may display the internet autodial window, which asks a series of questions to configure the same options that appear in the dial-up settings dialog box.
Setting or button
Runs the make new connection wizard
Displays the properties of the dial-up networking connection.
Number of times to attempt connection
Specifies how many times dial-up networking dials the connection. The default is five times
Number of seconds to wait between attempts
Specifies how long to wait before trying again after one attempt to connect fails. The default is five seconds.
Specifies the user name to use when logging in
Specifies the password to use when logging in
Specifies the domain name for your account, if your ISP requires one. The default is blank
Disconnect if idle for minutes
Specifies whether to disconnect automatically after a period of inactivity. The blank contains the number of minutes after which to disconnect. The default is 20 minutes
Connect automatically to update subscriptions
Specifies whether to connect automatically to update the information from web sites to which you have subscribed.
Perform system security check before dialing
Specifies whether to require a password each time the system dials out.
Table 2-4 settings and buttons on the dial-up settings dialog box
When you use an internet program and windows detect that you are asking for information from the internet, you see the dial-up connection dialog box, shown in the left side of figure 2-12. Type your internet user name and password. If you aren’t worried about anyone else using your computer to connect to your internet account, select the save password setting. If you want windows to connect automatically (without requiring you to click anything) whenever you request information from the internet, select the connect automatically setting. Then click connect.
While windows is dialing the phone, you see the dialing progress dialog box, shown in the right side of figure 2-12. The dialog box displays messages as it dials, connects, and logs in to your internet account.
Testing connections with windows 98
After dialing a dial-up networking, you can use windows 98’s ping program to test whether packets of information can make the round trip from your computer, out over the internet to another computer, and back to your computer. You can use the tracert program to check which route packets take to get from your computer to another computer. And you can use the netsat program to find out which computers your computer is talking to.
Pinging another computer
Sending a small text packet on a round trip is called pinging, and you can use windows 98’s built-in ping program to send one.
To run ping, open a DOS window by choosing start / programs / MS-DOS prompt. Then, type the ping command:
Replace system with either the numeric IP address or the host name of the computer that you want to ping. Choose any internet host computer that you are sure is up and running such as your ISP’s mail server, and then press ENTER.
For example, you can ping the web server at InterNIC (the internet information center), which has the IP address 22.214.171.124, by typing.
Ping sends out four test packets (pings) and reports how long the packets take to get to interNIC’s computer and back to yours (See figure 2-13) for each packet, you see how long the roundtrip takes in milliseconds, as well as summary information about all four packet’s trips. Ping has several options that are listed in table 2-5, as well as other options, not listed here, that are useful only to network managers.
Tip: first try ping with a numeric IP address, to see whether packets get out to the internet and back. Then try ping with a host name, such as www.internic.net,, to set whether you successfully contact your DNS to convert the name into IP address. If the first test works and the second doesn’t, your connection isn’t set up properly to contact a DNS server.
Reports numeric addresses rather than host names
Specifies that packets contain a Do Not Fragment flag, so that packets are not fragmented on route (Useful to test very slow dial-up formations
Specifies the Time To Live for the packets (how many times the packet can be passed from one computer to another while in transit on the network
Specifies the length of the packets to send. The default length is 64 bytes. The maximum length is 8192 (K).
Specifies to send n pings (the default is four)
Specifies that the outgoing and returning packets should record the first n hosts on the route that they take, using the return route field, n is a number from one to nine
Specifies to continue pinging until you interrupt it. (otherwise it pings four times)
Specifies a timeout of n milliseconds for each packet
Table 2-5 options for the ping program
Tracing packets over the internet
Packets of information don’t usually go directly from one computer to another computer over the internet. Instead, they are involved in a huge game op “whisper-down-the-lane”, in which packets are passed from computer to computer unitl they reach their destination. If your data seems to be moving slowly, you can use the tracert (short for trace route) program to follow your packets across the internet, from your computer to an internet host that you frequently use. The technique that tracert uses doesn’t always work, so it’s quite possible that running tracert to a remote computer can fail even though the computer is working and accessible.
To run, tracert, open a DOS window by choosing start / programs / MS-DOSE prompt. Then, type the tracert command:
Replace system with either the numeric IP address or the internet name of the computer to which you want to trace the route, and then press ENTER.
For example, you can trace the route of packets from your computer to the yahoo! Web directory at www.yahoo.com by typing.
You see a listing like the one in figure 2-14, showing the route that the packets took from your computer to the specified host (sometimes, tracert reports a different host name from the one that you specified, which means that the host has more than one name). for each hop (stage of the route), tracert sends out three packets and reports the time that each packet takes to reach that far. It also reports the name and numeric IP address of the host.
Table 2-6 shows the options that you can use with the tracert program. A few other options, not listed here, are useful only to network managers.
Specifies not to resolve addresses to host names, so that the resulting list of hosts consists only of numeric IP addresses.
Specifies a maximum number of n hops to trace before giving up.
Specifies that the program wait n milliseconds for each reply before giving up
Table 2-6 options for the tracert program
Displaying internet connections using Netstat
Netstat is a network diagnostic program that you can use for any TCP/IP connection – internet connections or LANs. You can run Netstat to see which computers your computer is connected to over the internet – not the ISP to which you dial in, but other internet hosts to or from which you are transferring information.
To run Netstat, open a DOS window by choosing Start / Program / MS-DOS Prompt. Then, type netstat and press ENTER. You see a listing of the internet connections that are currently running. Figure 2-15shows that the computer is connected to the host invan.iecc.com for FTP file transfer. The computer is connected to several computers at the Yahoo! Web directory, probably to receive web pages (the 80 at the end of the address signifies the port commonly used for web page retrieval).
Connecting from other systems
If you have windows NT, windows 95, windows 3.1, or macintosh, read the following sections for information about how to connect to the internet.
Connecting from windows NT
Windows NT4 comes with dialup networking, but its version works differently from windows 98’s. you need to set up your modem if its drivers aren’t already installed, install TCP/IP networking, install remote access service (RAS) and create a phonebook entry for your ISP 9this is the windows NT equivalent of making windows 98 dial-up networking connection).
Configuring windows NT to use your modem
If your modem is already installed, skip to the next section. To tell windows NT what kind of modem you have and to install the modem drivers, follow these steps:
1. Choose start / settings / control panel
2. Select the modems program, which displays the install new modem window (figure 2-16).
3. To let windows NT detect your modem automatically, select next
4. Windows NT searches for a modem on one of the serial ports of the computer (usually COM1, COM2, COM3, or COM4). When it finds a modem, you see a window with the type of modem, usually standard modem
5. If you know the manufacturer and model of your modem, you can specify it to windows NT (specifying the exact model of the modem is more likely to ensure a correct configuration than using the default standard modem setting). Otherwise, skip to step 8. Click change. Windows NT displays a list of manufacturers and models (figure 2-17).
6. Select the appropriate manufacture of the modem and then choose the model by that modem.
7. Click OK, click Next, click OK again, and then click finish. You see the modems properties dialog box (figure 2-18), containing the modem that you just added.
8. Select the modem (if more than one appears) and then click properties. You see the properties dialog box for the modem (figure 2-19).
9. On the general tab, set the maximum speed to match the maximum speed to use between your PC and your modem. Don’t worry about setting it too high; the modem automatically adjusts to communicate at the highest speed possible (as long as you don’t select the only connect at this speed check box). If you set this option too low, however, the modem will only communicate at the speed that you set. Settings under the connection tab can usually be left alone.
10. Click OK to close the properties dialog box for the modem. You need to reboot the computer for the new modem settings to take effect.
Configuring windows NT networking
After you configure your modem, you can tell windows NT what kind of networking to use it for –TCP/IP – along with some configuration information about your ISP, as follows;
1. Select start / settings / control panel
2. Select the network program which displays the network dialog box (figure 2-20). The most important tabs to consider are the protocols and adapters tabs.
3. Click the adapters tab and then click add. A list of modems appears.
4. Select the modem that matches the one in your computer. A set up window pops up.
5. For most modems, you can probably leave these settings alone. Don’t change them unless you really know that they should be changed! Depending on your computer and modem type, you may see another window with items specific to the system. Look them over, select the appropriate values for your system, and click OK. You return to the network dialog box.
6. Click the protocols tab and then click add. A list network protocol types appears (see figure 2-21). Select TCP/IP (the protocol used on the internet). If you need other protocols for a local area network, leave them unchanged. Click OK.
7. Windows asks whether you want to use DHCP. Your ISP will tell you the answer to this question. In some cases, your ISP may provide you with a fixed IP address (a four-part number that looks something like 192.168.0.1, for example). Most people, though, should use DHCP, so click yes unless your ISP says not to.
8. You return to the network dialog box. Click close to end your network setup.
9. Windows displays the Microsoft TCP/IP properties dialog box (figure 2-22).
10. Unless your ISP has provided you with a fixed IP address, click the obtain an IP address from a DHCP server on the IP address tab.
11. Click the DNS tab. For the host name, enter a name for your computer. (the name doesn’t matter; this is the only place in this entire process where any creativity is allowed). For Domain, type the domain name of your ISP, which is usually the last two parts of the ISP’s e-mail address, such as sover.net or earthlink.net. in the DNS service search order section, click Add and then type the IP address of your ISP’s domain name server (DNS), which your ISP should provide you with.
12. Leave the rest of the settings unchanged, and click OK at the bottom of the Microsoft TCP/IP properties dialog box.
Setting up remote access service (RAS) and dial-up networking
Now that windows NT is configured to use your modem, and TCP/IP is installed, you can create a connection for your ISP.
1. Choose start / programs / accessories / dial-up networking and click the install button.
2. Remote access service (RAS) setup starts and prompts you regarding wich modem to use. Click OK to use the modem that you already installed.
3. Click configure and then select whether dial-up networking should dial out only, receive calls only, or both dial out and receive calls (if you are planning to call an ISP, choose to dial out only).
4. Click continue. Windows NT sets up RAS and prompts you to restart your computer.
5. After restarting your computer, select start / programs /accessories / dial-up networking again. The new phonebook entry wizard appears, to step you through the process of creating a phonebook entry for your ISP.
6. Type a name for the connection that you are setting up.
7. Check the boxes that indicates you are calling the internet, that you want to send a plain text password (unless your ISP supports sending encrypted passwords), and that the server expects login information after connecting.
8. Type the phone number of your ISP.
9. Choose PPP (unless your ISP says to use SLIP instead)
10. For the login script, leave none selected.
11. Enter your IP address, or leave it as 0.0.0.0. if your ISP didn’t assign you a fixed IP address (most don’t).
12. Enter the IP address for the DNS of your ISP (the same IP address that you entered in step 11 of the preceding section).
13. Click Dial, enter your user name and password, and click OK, if you check the save password box, you will not have to enter a password each time that you dial. (This is easier, but it almost guarantees that you will forget your password. Even worse, if someone gets access to your computer, they could log on to your internet account without needing the password).
You connect to the internet
Connecting and disconnecting
After you follow the procedures to create a phonebook entry for your internet account, connecting to the internet is easy. Choose start / programs / accessories / dial-up networking, select the phonebook entry, and click dial. Now you can run other programs that communicate over the internet, such as e-mail programs and web browsers.
When you are done using the internet, right click the connection icon on the taskbar (if it appears) and choose hang up or close, or click the dial-up networking button on the taskbar and click the hang up or close button.
Connecting from windows 95
Over the three years during which windows 95 was sold, it came with slightly different dial-up networking and internet connection wizard software, depending on when you purchased the software. If you purchased windows 95 during 1988 and received internet explorer 4 along with it, you probably also got OSR2, the second revision of windows 95, which works very similarly to windows 98.
Running the internet connection wizard
Windows 95, like windows 98 came with an internet connection wizard to help you set up a dial-up networking connection. To confuse maters, different versions of windows 95 came with two different internet connection wizards.
· Inetwiz.exe: Earlier versions of windows 95 come with an internet connection wizard that asks lots of questions about your internet account and helps you to create a dial-up networking connection for that account, which is perfect if you already have an internet account. This wizard is stored in inetwiz.exe.
· Icwconn1.exe: Other versions of windows 95 come with an internet connection wizard that asks you where you live and presents you with a list of ISPs in your area ( a list limited to those who have paid or otherwise arranged with Microsoft to be included, so the list is far from complete). This wizard is stored in Iwconn1.exe.
Regardless of which version you have, try running the internet connection wizard on your system by choosing either start / programs / accessories / internet tools/ get on the internet, or start / programs / internet explorer / connection wizard. You can also search forInetwiz.exe or Icwconn1.exe by choosing start / find / find / files or folders.
Configuring your own dial-up networking connection
Alternatively, you can create your own dial-up networking connection either by choosing start / programs /accessories / dial-up networking or by opening the dial-up networking folder that appears at the bottom left of the window in windows explorer. Double-click the make new connection icon and start the make new connection wizard (refer to ‘Making a new dial-up networking connection”, earlier in this chapter).
Connecting and disconnecting
After you create a dial-up networking connection, connect by choosing start / programs / accessories / dial-up networking and double-clicking the icon for your connection. When you see the connect to dialog box, make surre that the user name and phone number are right, type your password, and then click connect. After your computer gets connected, a connected dialog box appears.
Now you can run other programs that you want to use with the internet. When you are ready to disconnect, click the disconnect button on the connected dialog box.
Connecting from windows 3.1
Unlike newer operating systems, windows 3.1 did not come with internet connection software. Specifically, it did not come with a TCP/IP stack, the program that you use to dial-up an internet account and connect to the internet. You need to get a windows 3.1 compatible TCP/IT stack and configure it for your internet account.
Getting a TCP/IP stack
You can get TCP/IP connection software from several sources:
· Your ISP: the best source of a windows 3.1 TCP/IP stack is your ISP. Most ISPs provide internet connection software – along with an e-mail program and a web browser – free of charge, mainly because it doesn’t cost them anything. If you get connection software from your ISP, follow the instructions that your ISP gives you. If you run into trouble, you can call them for help.
· With a browser or another internet program: If you buy the windows 3.1 retail version of netscape navigator, it comes with the shiva PPP TCP/IP connection program built in. follow the instructions in the package. You might be able to get a friend to download Microsoft internet Explorer 3 with a built-in dialer (available from TUCOWS, at http://www.tucows.com, by choosing its windows 3.x software, networking category), but since the file is over 3MB, you may have trouble getting it from your friend’s computer to yours.
· Freeware: Several freeware or shareware TCP/IP stacks are available. The best known is called Trumpet Winsock. Get a friend with an internet connection to download a copy of trumpet winsock for you. Its so small that it fits on a diskette. You can get it from TUCOWS, at http://www.tucows.com, by choosing its windows 3.x software, networking category. It’s also available from its web site at http://www.trumptet.com or http://www.trumpet.com.au. Some older introductory internet books came with Trumpet Winsock on a diskette in the back of the book. Installation instructions are in the next section.
Installing Trumpet Winsock
The latest version of Trumpet Winsock is version 3, and the program comes in a single file name Twsk30d.exe. (version 4 is in the works). Follow these steps to install the program:
1. In windows file manager, move the Twsk30d.exe file into the directory where you put temporary files (such as C:/Temp).
2. Still in file manager, double click the Twsk30d.exe filename to run the program that it contains. It self-extracts a bunch of programs into the same directory, including the installation program. Close the window that shows the results of the self-extracting program.
3. Press F5 to update the list of files inn file manager. You see a long list of new files, including one called install.exe.
4. Double-click the install.exe file in file manager to run the installation program.
5. Follow the instructions that the installation program displays. It asks whether it can rename any existing files named Winsock.dll (answer yes, because you probably don’t have any), it asks for the directory in which to store the Trumpet Winsock program (C:/Trumpet or C:/Internet are good names), and it tells you that it needs to modify your autoexec.bat file (This is OK, so click save to save its changes to the file).
6. When the installation program tells you that it needs to restart the computer, click OK, and the restart.
7. If your computer doesn’t restart and rerun windows, exit windows and restart the computer and windows. A new program group named Trumpet Winsock appears in program manager, with icons for Trumpet Winsocck and the utilities that come with it.
Now you have the Trumpet Winsock program on your windows 3.1 system. The next step is to configure Trumpet Winsock for your internet account.
Configuring Trumpet Winsock
Follow these steps to configure Trumpet Winsock:
1. Double-click the Trumpet Winsock icon to run the program. After a message reminding you to register (and pay for) the program if you decide to continue using it, you see the Trumpet Winsock setup dialog box.
2. If your ISP gave you a permanent IP address (which is unlikely), type it in the IP address box. Otherwise, leave this box containing 0.0.0.0.
3. In the DNS server(s) box, type the IP address of your ISP’s DNS serer. (Ask your ISP if you don’t know).
4. In the domain suffix box, type your ISP’s domain name for example, sover.net or mindspring.com).
5. In the driver section, click the type of account you have (usually PPP).
6. Click the dialer settings button to display the Trumpet Winsock Dialler settings dialog box, and choose the settings for your modem port and speed. Leave the rest of the settings alone, unless instructed by your ISP to change them. Click OK and then click OK again.
7. Choose file / exit to leave Trumpet Winsock and save all of your settings. Then, double-click its icon again to return it. You see the Trumpet Winsock window, which contains nothing but a menu bar and many lines of text.
You can change the configuration at any time by choosing file / setup.
Connecting and disconnecting
To connect to your internet account, double-click the Trumpet Winsock icon to run the program. Choose dialer / login to display the login profile dialog box. Type your user name, password, and your ISP’s phone number, and then click OK.
Trumpet Winsock dials and logs in to your internet account by following a built-in script. The program’s standard script works with most, but not all, ISPs, if the connection works, you see the message SCRIPT COMPLETED. If not, you see SCRIPT ABORTED, which means that you need to work with your ISP to change the script to match your ISP’s login procedure. Once you are connected, you are ready to run your e-mail program, your web browser, or other internet client programs.
To disconnect form your internet account, choose dialer / bye from the menu. if you don’t plant to reconnect, choose file / exit to leave the Trumpet Winsock program.
Tip: if you use the program, you should register it (it costs only $25 as of 1998). To register, use your web browser to go to http://www.trumpet.com/wsock3_price.html.
Connecting from macintoshes
Connecting a macintosh is easy as long as you have a recent version of the macintosh operating system (Mac. OS).
If you use system 7.5.5
If you have a 68040 or better Mac with 24MB or RAM and a 500MB or greater hard drive, you should seriously consider upgrading to system 8.1. the upgrade is cheap and well worth it. If you have any “32-bit clean” Mac, but not a 68040, consider upgrading to system 7.6.1 if you don’t have a “32-bit clean” Mac, consider that $799 will et you a full-fledged PowerMac system, with monitor and keyboard and fully upgradable to a PowerPC G3.
System 7.5.5 doesn’t come with internet connection software. Instead, ask your ISP for an installer program that installs a third-party application. Most ISPs distribute a program called FreePPP, which comes with installation instructions. An alternative is to install open transport 1.2.1 (available at http://www.apple.com) install OT/PPP 1.0 on top of that, and follow the instructions for systems 7.6 through 8.1.
If you use system 7.6.1 through 8.1
With the advent of system 7.6.1, apple included open transport/PPP with every system, making internet setup and connection a snap. If you have a modem that was made after the introduction of your version of system, you need to install the software for the modem.
Tip: if you are using open transport/PPP and you don’t intend to use the fax or other special capabilities of your modem, you can save disk space by doing a custom install, installing only the OT/PPP/ARA 2.1 modem script. That’s the only piece of software you need if all you want to do is connect to the internet by using Open Transport/PPP.
Follow these steps
1. Choose apple / control panels / PPP.
2. Choose PPP / modem to display the modem control panel, shown in figure 2-23.
3. In the connect via pull-down menu, select the modem port that your modem is plugged into
4. In the modem pull-down menu, select the script for your modem
5. Select to have the sound turned on or off
6. Unless your phone system accepts only pulse dialing, leave dialing set to tone.
7. Ignore dial tone is helpful if your phone uses an unusual beeping or dial tone to indicate that you have a message waiting. The modem will not dial if it doesn’t detect a dial tone on your phone line, unless you check ignore dial tone.
8. Close the modem control panel and save your changes.
9. Choose PPP / TCP/IP to display the TCP/IP (default) control panel, shown in figure 2-24
10. On the connect via pull-down menu, choose PPP
11. On the configure pull-down menu, PPP server
12. In the name server addr field, type the IP address of your ISP’s DNS (domain name server, for example 192.168.0.1). ask your ISP for this information.
13. In the search Domains field, type your ISP’s domain name (for example, for EarthLink, this is earthlink.net).
14. Close the TCP/IP control panel and save your changes.
15. Click the options button and click the connection tab in the options control panel (shown in figure 2-25). Turn off the prompt every 5 minutes to maintain connection setting and the disconnect if Idle for 10 minutes setting, so that your Mac doesn’t nag you constantly to hang up.
16. Choose OK to return to the PPP control panel.
17. In the name field, type your user name
18. In the password field, type your password. You can click the save password box, but if you do, anyone who has physical access to your machine will be able to log on to your internet account.
19. In the number field, type the phone number of your ISP. Include any extra digits that you need to dial, such as *70 to disable call waiting.
20. Click the connect button.
Your Mac is connected to the internet. You are ready to run your e-mail program. Web browser, or other internet client program.
To connect the next time, just choose Apple / control panels / PPP and click connect.
If you have system 8.5
System 8.5 works exactly like 7.6 through 8.1, except that PPP is now included as part of apple remote access 3.0.1. instead of using the PPP control panel, you se the remote access control panel. When you install Mac OS 8.5, make sure to install remote access.
To get your Mac connected to the internet, follow the instructions in the preceding section, except replace PPP with remote access throughout. Figure 2-26 shows the remote access control panel that you see in step 16.
To connect again, choose apple / control panels / remote access and click connect. Alternatively, click the icon that looks like a Mac and a telephone pole in the control strip, and click connect.To place an order for the Complete Project Material, pay N5,000 to
GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183
Then text the name of the Project topic, email address and your names to 08060565721.